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Table 4 Serum cytokine concentrations analysed by sex and tendon status (all data points)

From: A pilot study on biomarkers for tendinopathy: lower levels of serum TNF-α and other cytokines in females but not males with Achilles tendinopathy

  Male Female
Analyte (pg/mL) Normal (n = 6) Tendinopathy (n = 15) p Normal (n = 4) Tendinopathy (n = 7) p
TNF-α 153.25 (65.81) 132.02 (30.06) 0.586 204.09 (58.13) 76.65 (50.93) 0.014
IL-1β 12.23 (3.79) 11.68 (2.08) 0.938 14.35 (2.60) 10.12 (4.37) 0.059
bFGF 76.64 (29.83) 72.54 (24.76) 0.815 54.35 (15.56) 53.049 (27.06) 0.850
INF-γ 168.99 (72.33) 150.93 (42.14) 0.876 198.26 (86.17) 122.53 (54.10) 0.257
PDGF-BB 11108.4 (3378.3) 11181.3 (2857.4) 0.640 13441.1 (613.2) 10808.5 (4737.1) 0.023
VEGF 238.97 (155.33) 240.2367 (130.653 0.876 149.57 (59.24) 167.4 (95.6) 0.571