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Table 4 Serum cytokine concentrations analysed by sex and tendon status (all data points)

From: A pilot study on biomarkers for tendinopathy: lower levels of serum TNF-α and other cytokines in females but not males with Achilles tendinopathy

  Male Female
Analyte (pg/mL) Normal
(n = 6)
Tendinopathy
(n = 15)
p Normal
(n = 4)
Tendinopathy
(n = 7)
p
TNF-α 153.25
(65.81)
132.02
(30.06)
0.586 204.09
(58.13)
76.65
(50.93)
0.014
IL-1β 12.23
(3.79)
11.68
(2.08)
0.938 14.35
(2.60)
10.12
(4.37)
0.059
bFGF 76.64
(29.83)
72.54
(24.76)
0.815 54.35
(15.56)
53.049
(27.06)
0.850
INF-γ 168.99
(72.33)
150.93
(42.14)
0.876 198.26
(86.17)
122.53
(54.10)
0.257
PDGF-BB 11108.4
(3378.3)
11181.3
(2857.4)
0.640 13441.1
(613.2)
10808.5
(4737.1)
0.023
VEGF 238.97
(155.33)
240.2367
(130.653
0.876 149.57
(59.24)
167.4
(95.6)
0.571