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Table 2 Kinetic constants derived from kinetic analysis of the water volume content of three beverages taken by mouth on different occasions by 10 volunteers

From: Volume kinetic evaluation of fluid turnover after oral intake of tap water, lemonade and saline in volunteers

  Tap water Sugar drink Saline
  Best estimate (SD) CV% Best estimate (SD) CV% Best estimate (SD) CV%
ka (10−3 min−1) 51 ± 9 18 43 ± 4 10 16 ± 2 13
V (L) 5.7 ± 0.6 11 4.4 ± 0.6 14 4.2 ± 1.0 25
CL (mL min−1) 291 ± 58 20 190 ± 24 13 69 ± 15 21
t lag (min) 7.9 ± 2.0   7.8 ± 1.0 13 not significant ---
  1. k a absorption rate constant, V volume of distribution, CL clearance