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Table 5 Physical Activity Outcome Measures

From: Impact of wearable physical activity monitoring devices with exercise prescription or advice in the maintenance phase of cardiac rehabilitation: systematic review and meta-analysis

StudySteps/DayVO2 peak (mean ± SD)Physical Activity Duration (mean mins ± SD)METS at AT
Avila et al. [67]PrePostPrePostPrePost 
6419 (2227–13181) cb6408 (296–12041) cb26.6 ± 4.9 c26.4 ± 5.4 c114 ± (30-311) c e114 ± (6-382) c e
7896 (2018–12554) ib6469 (473–12554) ib26.7 ± 6.6 i27.8 ± 6.8 i p = 0.03145 ± (34–299) ie141 ± (51–259) ie
Cupples et al. [69]7869 ± 4209 c a42 ± 2,624 cch  
6123 ± 3151 i a2742 ± 3164 i ch p  = .004
Duscha et al. [70]7411 ± 2811 c a7243 ± 3209 c a20.7 ± 5.6 c19.1 ± 5.5 c
9003 ± 2694 i a9414 ± 3051 i a21 ± 5.7 c21.7 ± 5.6 c
Houle et al. [72]41 cd55 cd 
31 id83 id p = .042
ter Hoeve et al. [52] 514 ± 115 cch 
 1504 ± 1835 i ch
Skobel et al. [73]  12.8a c19.5 ± 4.8
  13.8a i21.9 ± 8.3 p = .005
Butler et al. [68]    367 ± 268 cf355 ± 271 cf3.6 ± 0.8c3.9 ± 1.3c
    343 ± 275 if455 ± 361 if p = .0253.5 ± 0.7 i3.9 ± 1.1 i
  1. Abbreviations: c control group, i intervention group, SD standard deviation,a: mean ± SD,b: mean (range),ch: resulting change mean ± SD,d: % of participants achieving > 7500 steps/day, %: percentage, VO2peak: maximal oxygen uptake, METS metabolic equivalents, AT anaerobic threshold, p: p value,e:> 3 METS; mins/day± (range),f: mins/week; mean ± SD; Active Australia Survey