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Table 4 Study characteristics investigating mechanical demand of kettlebell exercise

From: Kettlebell training in clinical practice: a scoping review

Author Participants Measures Exercise Hardstyle
/ Sport /
other
Load (kg) Control / comparator
n Age (yrs) Weight (kg) Gender Active Kettlebell proficient / novice
Lake et al. (2012a) [76] 16 24 ± 2 90.2 ± 14.4 M Y novice impulse, peak and mean force and power to centre of mass, kettlebell displacement, peak and mean velocity 2H swing hardstyle 16 - 32 kg 16, 24, 32 kg
Lake et al. (2014) [77] 22 28–41 75.2 ± 14.6 M Y proficient impulse, mean force, displacement, magnitude, rate of work, phase durations and impulse ratio 2H swing hardstyle 24 kg snatch
Mache et al. (2016)a [78] 25 22 ± 6 (F)
23 ± 2 (M)
66.4 ± 9.2 (F)
78.3 ± 8.5 (M)
M / F Y novice peak, average and time to peak rate of force development 2H swing other ≈20% BW vertical jump
McGill et al. (2012) [79] 7 25.6 ± 3.4 82.8 ± 12.1 M Y proficient peak and average muscle excitation, lumbar compression and shear force 1H swing hardstyle 16 kg swing with kime, snatch, bottom-up + racked carry
Mitchell et al. (2016)a [80] 2 early 20’s 53 & 75 F Y proficient position and orientation, joints and centres of mass of arm segments. Velocity and acceleration, forces and moments of the upper limb OH swing other 8 - 16 kg 8, 12, 16 kg
Ross et al. (2017) [5] 12 34.9 ± 6.6 87.7 ± 11.6 M Y proficient ground reaction forces, velocity and temporal measures of resultant kettlebell force snatch Sport 24 kg none
  1. aconference paper, 1H one-handed, 2H two-handed, OH overhead, BW bodyweight