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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants per (sports)-group

From: Sports participation related to injuries and illnesses among ambulatory youth with chronic diseases: results of the health in adapted youth sports study

Sports participation per weekGroup 0
(Non-sports)
Group 1
(sports 1x/wk)
Group 2
(sports ≥2x/wk)
Totalp-value
Number of participants182164103 
Number of boys (%)a9 (50)8 (38)44 (69)61 (59)0.032c
Age in years (SD) b15.4 (2.7)14.2 (2.8)14.1 (2.7)14.4 (2.7)0.219
Height in cm (SD) b165.3 (9.5)159.2 (13.2)161.2 (14.7)161.9 (12.5)0.361
Weight in kg (SD) b58.2 (13.5)50.7 (16.4)53.7 (17.6)54.2 (15.8)0.385
BMI (SD) b21.1 (3.7)19.7 (4.6)20.2 (3.9)20.2 (4.1)0.546
BMI – age SDS (SD) b0.59 (1.2)0.11 (1.9)0.51 (1.2)0.44 (1.4)0.449
Medical diagnosis (%)a    0.411
- Cardiovascular disease3 (17)4 (19)4 (6)11 (11) 
- Pulmonary disease02 (9)5 (8)7 (7) 
- Metabolic disease1 (6)1 (5)6 (9)8 (8) 
- Musculoskeletal / orthopedic disability1 (6)1 (5)6 (9)8 (8) 
- Neuromuscular disease / disability6 (33)9 (43)31 (49)46 (46) 
- Immunological / hematological disease5 (28)4 (19)6 (9)15 (15) 
- Cancer001 (2)1 (1) 
- Epilepsy2 (10)05 (8)7 (7) 
  1. BMI body mass index, SD standard deviation, SDS standard deviation score,a chi-square test for sex and prevalence of diseases or disabilities per group. b ANOVA for age, length, weight, BMI and BMI-age SDS. c Significant difference