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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and demographics of participants (n = 408)

From: Attitudes and behavior related to performance-enhancing substance use among elite Saudi football players

 Frequency%
Education level
 Below university27567.4
 University and above13332.6
Years competing in football
 5 years or more33381.6
 Less than 5 years7518.4
Highest level competed in football
 International286.8
 National26264.2
 Local11829.0
Having therapeutic use exemption
 Yes204.9%
 No38895.1%
Have you ever been drug tested?
 Yes11828.9
 No29071.1