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Table 3 Past and current sports injuries

From: Lower extremity compression garments use by athletes: why, how often, and perceived benefit

  Past sports injuries Current sports injury
Endurance athletes (n = 438) Non-endurance athletes (n = 61) P-value Endurance athletes (n = 438) Non-endurance athletes (n = 61) P-value
Sports injury, n (%) 372 (84.9) 48 (84.2) 0.886 89 (20.3) 12 (19.7) 0.897
 Onset, acute, n (%) 110 (29.6) 21 (43.8) 0.046* 30 (33.7) 4* (36.4) 0.861
 Onset gradual, n (%) 262 (70.4) 27 (56.3)   59 (66.3) 7* (63.6)  
 Use of CGs because of this sports injury, n (%) 272 (73.1) 34 (70.8) 0.738 62 (69.7) 10 (90.9) 0.139
Injury location, n (%)
 Hip 13 (3.5) 1 (2.1)   6 (7.6) 0 (0.0)  
 Gluteal Muscle 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Groin 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0)   2 (2.2) 0 (0.0)  
 Upper leg 0 (0.0) 1 (2.1)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Hamstring 3 (0.8) 1 (2.1)   3 (3.4) 0 (0.0)  
 Knee 61 (16.4) 5 (10.4)   4 (4.5) 1 (8.3)  
 Lower leg 241 (64.8) 29 (60.4)   56 (62.9) 8 (66.7)  
 Shin 92 (40.2) 9 (32.1)   20 (38.5) 4 (57.1)  
 Calf 92 (40.2) 12 (42.9)   16 (30.8) 2 (28.6)  
 Achilles tendon 45 (19.7) 7 (25.0)   16 (30.8) 1 (14.3)  
 Ankle 26 (7.0) 8 (16.7)   9 (10.1) 2 (16.7)  
 Foot/toes 21 (5.6) 3 (6.3)   9 (10.1) 0 (0.0)  
 Other 4 (1.1) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 1 (8.3)  
Type of injured structure, n (%)
 Muscle/tendon 280 (75.3) 35 (72.9)   64 (71.9) 8 (66.7)  
 Joint 20 (5.4) 3 (6.3)   4 (4.5) 0 (0.0)  
 Ligament 23 (6.2) 3 (6.3)   5 (5.6) 1 (8.3)  
 Bone 26 (5.5) 3 (6.3)   4 (4.5) 1 (8.3)  
 Shin splint 12 (3.2) 2 (4.2)   5 (5.6) 1 (8.3)  
 Nerve 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Bursa 2 (0.5) 0 (0.0)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Other 6 (1.6) 2 (4.2)   7 (7.9) 1 (8.3)  
Type of muscle injury, n (%)
 Strain 15 (5.4) 1 (2.9)   2 (3.1) 0 (0.0)  
 Partial rupture 28 (10.0) 6 (17.1)   7 (10.8) 1 (14.3)  
 Full thickness rupture 4 (1.4) 1 (2.9)   2 (3.1) 0 (0.0)  
 Inflammation 55 (19.6) 4 (11.4)   8 (12.3) 0 (0.0)  
 Overload injury 151 (53.9) 14 (40.0)   37 (56.9) 5 (71.4)  
 Cramp 12 (4.3) 2 (5.7)   3 (3.1) 0 (0.0)  
 Other 15 (5.4) 7 (20.0)   7 (10.8) 1 (14.3)  
Time since occurrence, months n (%)
 < 3 42 (11.3) 4 (8.3)   - - - -  
 3 to 6 47 (12.6) 5 (10.4)   - - - -  
 6 to 9 35 (9.4) 3 (6.3)   - - - -  
 9 to 12 78 (21.0) 8 (16.7)   - - - -  
 12 to 24 34 (9.1) 6 (12.5)   - - - -  
 24 to 36 50 (13.4) 6 (12.5)   - - - -  
 36 to 48 26 (7.0) 3 (6.3)   - - - -  
 48 or longer 44 (11.8) 10 (20.8)   - - - -  
 Unclear 16 (4.3) 3 (6.3)   - - - -  
       - - - -  
Duration of sports injury, months n (%)
 < 3 149 (40.1) 14 (29.2)   40 (44.9) 1 (9.1)  
 3 to 6 106 (28.5) 13 (27.1)   20 (22.5) 4 (36.4)  
 6 to 9 45 (12.1) 5 (10.4)   2 (2.2) 2 (18.2)  
 9 to 12 37 (9.9) 8 (16.7)   7 (7.9) 0 (0.0)  
 12 to 24 8 (2.2) 2 (4.2)   8 (9.0) 0 (0.0)  
 24 to 36 8 (2.2) 3 (6.3)   4 (4.5) 0 (0.0)  
 36 to 48 4 (1.1) 2 (4.2)   3 (3.4) 1 (9.1)  
 48 or longer 7 (1.9) 0 (0.0)   4 (4.5) 2 (18.2)  
 Unclear 8 (2.2) 1 (2.1)   1 (1.1) 1 (9.1)  
  1. Abbreviations: CG ompression garment
  2. *because of a missing value the sum of these frequencies does not correspond with the total number of sports injuries
  3. p-value indicates the results for the test between the number of sports injuries with an acute onset versus a gradual onset
  4. because of a missing value the sum of these frequencies does not correspond with the total number of lower leg sports injuries