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Table 2 Association between comparative PA and sport and health related aspects

From: Comparative physical activity as a global question to assess physical activity among university students

  I am much less physically active I am less physically active I am equally physically active I am more physically active I am much more physically active p-value
% (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)  
Paying attention to sufficient PA       <.001
 Very much 0.0% (0) 0.7% (1) 6.3% (9) 46.5% (67) 46.5% (67)  
 Much 0.9% (2) 5.0% (11) 32.9% (73) 53.6% (119) 7.7% (17)  
 Neutral 2.8% (6) 33.5% (72) 49.8% (107) 13.5% (29) 0.5% (1)  
 Less 27.8% (25) 57.8% (52) 13.3% (12) 1.1% (1) 0.0% (0)  
 Much less 44.4% (8) 55.6% (10) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0)  
Physical performance       <.001
 Very good 0.0% (0) 0.8% (1) 9.3% (11) 42.4% (50) 47.5% (56)  
 Good 1.3% (4) 11.7% (36) 32.7% (101) 46.0% (142) 8.4% (26)  
Moderate 5.3% (10) 35.8% (67) 44.9% (84) 12.3% (23) 1.6% (3)  
Not really good 30.9% (21) 60.3% (41) 7.4% (5) 1.5% (1) 0.0% (0)  
Not good at all 85.7% (6) 14.3% (1) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0)  
PA during the last week: for at least 60 min on       <.001
 0 days 23.2% (26) 54.5% (61) 15.2% (17) 7.1% (8) 0.0% (0)  
 1 day 7.7% (8) 37.5% (39) 41.3% (43) 13.5% (14) 0.0% (0)  
 2 days 2.2% (3) 17.6% (24) 47.8% (65) 30.9% (42) 1.5% (2)  
 3 days 1.5% (2) 11.3% (15) 35.5% (47) 42.9% (57) 9.0% (12)  
 4 days 1.1% (1) 5.7% (5) 18.2% (16) 54.5% (48) 20.5% (18)  
 5 days 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 13.6% (8) 57.6% (34) 28.8% (17)  
 6 days 0.0% (0) 2.9% (1) 11.8% (4) 23.5% (8) 61.8% (21)  
 7 days 4.3% (1) 4.3% (1) 4.3% (1) 21.7% (5) 65.2% (15)  
PA during a normal week: for at least 60 min on       <.001
 0 days 36.8% (25) 48.5% (33) 11.8% (8) 2.9% (2) 0.0% (0)  
 1 day 7.7% (8) 49.0% (51) 34.6% (36) 8.7% (9) 0.0% (0)  
 2 days 3.4% (5) 27.7% (41) 47.3% (70) 20.9% (31) 0.7% (1)  
 3 days 1.5% (2) 8.3% (11) 38.3% (51) 48.1% (64) 3.8% (5)  
 4 days 0.8% (1) 2.5% (3) 20.3% (24) 51.7% (61) 24.6% (29)  
 5 days 0.0% (0) 10.6% (7) 9.1% (6) 50.0% (33) 30.3% (20)  
 6 days 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 11.4% (4) 28.6% (10) 60.0% (21)  
 7 days 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 11.8% (2) 35.3% (6) 52.9% (9)  
The regularity of sport activity with sweating or fast heartbeat       <.001
Often 0.3% (1) 3.0% (10) 22.4% (74) 49.4% (163) 24.8% (82)  
Sometimes 4.3% (11) 31.9% (81) 43.7% (111) 18.9% (48) 1.2% (3)  
Never 30.2% (29) 54.2% (52) 13.5% (13) 2.1% (2) 0.0% (0)  
The amount of sport activity per week       <.001
None 42.9% (24) 50.0% (28) 5.4% (3) 1.8% (1) 0.0% (0)  
 1 h 11.9% (7) 62.7% (37) 20.3% (12) 5.1% (3) 0.0% (0)  
 1–2 h 5.7% (7) 40.7% (50) 41.5% (51) 11.4% (14) 0.8% (1)  
 2–4 h 1.4% (3) 11.0% (23) 48.3% (101) 35.9% (75) 3.3% (7)  
 more than 4 h 0.0% (0) 3.3% (8) 14.0% (34) 50.8% (123) 31.8% (77)  
Strenuous PA per week (mean [SD]) 0.29 [0.64] 0.92 [1.57] 1.65 [1.19] 2.62 [1.49] 4.11 [2.17] <.001
Moderate PA per week (mean [SD]) 1.20 [2.08] 1.80 [2.27] 2.30 [2.13] 2.45 [2.13] 2.77 [2.53] <.001
Overall leisure-time activity score (mean [SD]) 14.10 [15.39] 23.47 [20.22] 32.67 [17.15] 41.16 [19.28] 55.63 [26.60] <.001
Health contribution score (mean [SD]) 8.61 [12.50] 17.17 [19.08] 26.46 [14.93] 35.81 [16.65] 50.37 [23.05] <.001
Health contribution score       <.001
 Active 1.6% (6) 9.6% (37) 24.5% (104) 42.4% (163) 19.3% (74)  
 Moderately active 3.3% (5) 24.8% (38) 39.2% (60) 28.8% (44) 3.9% (6)  
 Insufficiently active 21.0% (30) 47.6% (68) 24.5% (35) 6.3% (9) 0.7% (1)  
Self-rated general health       <.001
 fair/poor/very poor 18.3% (17) 39.8% (37) 20.4% (19) 17.2% (16) 4.3% (4)  
 Very good/good 4.0% (24) 18.3% (109) 30.5% (182) 33.6% (200) 13.6% (81)  
Self-rated mental health       <.001
 fair/poor/very poor 11.7% (19) 29.4% (48) 22.1% (36) 28.2% (46) 8.6% (14)  
 Very good/good 4.2% (22) 18.6% (98) 31.4% (165) 32.3% (170) 13.5% (71)  
Self-rated physical health       <.001
 fair/poor/very poor 19.1% (25) 40.5% (53) 21.4% (28) 16.0% (21) 3.1% (4)  
 Very good/good 2.9% (16) 16.7% (93) 31.0% (173) 34.9% (195) 14.5% (81)  
  1. PA Physical activity, SD Standard deviation
  2. p-values are based on chi2-statistics (for metric variables: Kruskal-Wallis-H-test)
  3. Data drawn from the cross-sectional Nutrition and Physical Activity in Adolescence Study (NuPhA)
  4. Overall leisure-time activity score, health contribution score, and categories based on the health contribution score are based on the Godin-Shepard leisure-time PA questionnaire (Godin 2011 [15])