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Table 3 Most commonly used supplements according to sex and competitive level according to AIS categories (14)

From: Analysis of the consumption of sports supplements in elite fencers according to sex and competitive level

AIS categories Supplements Sex Competitive level
Total Female Male P-value OR International National P-value OR
Group A Sports Foods Sports drinks 44.9% 35.5% 61.1% 0.136 0.52 [0.24–1.11] 45.5% 43.8% 1.00 1.05 [0.47–2.36]
Sports Bars 38.8% 35.5% 44.4% 0.559 0.79 [0.38–1.64] 39.4% 37.5% 1.00 1.06 [0.46–2.43]
Whey protein 16.3% 25.8% 0.020 * 15.2% 18.8% 1.00 0.85 [0.31–2.30]
Medical supplements Iron 16.3% 6.5% 33.3% 0.039 * 0.39 [0.21–0.73] 24.2% 0.041 *
Vitamin D 12.2% 12.9% 11.1% 1.00 1.12 [0.34–3.69] 12.1% 12.5% 1.00 0.98 [0.29–3.28]
Ergogenic aids Caffeine 28.6% 32.3% 22.2% 0.527 1.40 [0.56–3.52] 27.3% 31.3% 1.00 0.88 [0.37–2.07]
Group B Vitamin C 20.4% 16.1% 27.8% 0.465 0.67 [0.31–1.43] 15.2% 31.3% 0.261 0.56 [0.25–1.25]
BCAA 10.2% 16.1% 0.143 9.1% 12.5% 1.00 0.79 [0.25–2.53]
Group C Green tea 18.4% 19.4% 16.7% 1.00 1.13 [0.41–3.08] 18.2% 18.8% 1.00 0.98 [0.40–2.72]
  1. SS Sports supplements; * statistically significant differences between women and men of the same performance level (p < 0.05). BCAA Branched chain amino-acids