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Table 3 Comparison of injured and non-injured athletes for movement, clinical and strength variables

From: Risk factors for overuse injuries in a cohort of elite Swedish track and field athletes

  INJ. NON-INJ. INJ. vs NON-INJ.
m ± SD m ± SD p rpb
Movement
 HADROM_R [°] 5.38 [2.58] 6.03 [2.53] .26 .16
 HADROM_L [°] 4.80 [2.35] 5.50 [2.44] .14 .20
 KFTIM_R [%] 15.45 [6.98] 15.37 [5.61] 1.0 .00
 KFTIM_L [%] 15.51 [8.02] 16.10 [8.01] .74 .06
 KFROM_R [°] 26.34 [6.17] 25.63 [6.45] .63 −.07
 KFROM_L [°] 26.72 [6.20] 26.02 [7.12] .86 −.02
 KFVEL_R [°/s] 327.27 [132.87] 371.77 [185.00] .67 .06
 KFVEL_L [°/s] 334.78 [129.59] 379.44 [169.10] .44 .11
 AEVTIM_R [%] 10.50 [7.57] 9.71 [6.82] .81 −.03
 AEVTIM_L [%] 11.11 [7.63] 10.29 [6.48] .94 −.01
 AEV_R [°] 15.04 [6.26] 16.81 [9.16] .58 .08
 AEV_L [°] 14.72 [6.30] 17.43 [8.37] .17 .19
 AEVVEL_R [°/s] 250.09 [120.81] 287.86 [135.23] .18 .19
 AEVVEL_L [°/s] 242.45 [119.76] 298.40 [135.10] .05* .27
Clinical
 ADFROM_R [°] 26.21 [8.20] 27.31 [6.21] .56 .08
 ADFROM_L [°] 27.07 [8.30] 25.79 [4.55] .91 −.02
 HAMFLEX_R [°] 92.97 [13.09] 92.15 [12.33] .99 −.00
 HAMFLEX_L [°] 86.82 [14.15] 86.79 [11.96] .79 .03
 RFFLEX_R [°] 139.02 [16.63] 144.38 [7.48] .26 .15
 RFFLEX_L [°] 148.62 [8.45] 150.38 [11.27] .65 .06
 ILFLEX_R [°] 108.68 [11.73] 105.70 [8.45] .24 −.15
 ILFLEX_L [°] 108.92 [8.38] 106.27 [9.13] .14 −.18
Strength
 HAB:HAD [Nm/kg] 0.79 [0.19] 0.84 [0.19] .15 .18
 TF:TE [Nm/kg] 0.59 [0.18] 0.56 [0.15] .76 −.04
 TR[Nm/kg] 1.02 [0.14] 1.04 [0.17] .63 .06
 H:Q_R [Nm/kg] 0.83 [0.16] 0.84 [0.16] .93 .01
 H:Q_L [Nm/kg] 0.82 [0.13] 0.83 [0.17] .42 −.10
  1. HADROM Hip adduction range of motion, KFTIM Timing of maximal knee flexion, KFROM Knee flexion range of motion, KFVEL Knee flexion velocity, AEVTIM Timing of maximal ankle eversion, AEV Ankle eversion, AEVVEL Ankle eversion velocity, ADFROM Ankle dorsiflexion range of motion, HAMFLEX Hamstring flexibility, RFFLEX Rectus femoris flexibility, ILFLEX Iliopsoas flexibility, HAB:HAD Hip abduction:adduction strength ratio, TF:TE Trunk flexion:extension ratio, TR Trunk rotation strength, H:Q Hamstring:quadriceps strength ratio, R Right side, L Left side, m Mean, SD Standard deviation, * indicates p ≤ 0.05, rpb Rank-Biserial Correlation