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Table 1 Absolute size characteristic and anthropometric of soccer player by playing positions. Mean ± standard deviation (SD)

From: Influence of 2D:4D ratio on fitness parameters and accumulated training load in elite youth soccer players

Characteristic Position P
GK (n = 3) FB (n = 5) CH (n = 4) CM (n = 4) WG (n = 5) FW (n = 3)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Anthropometric measurements              
Age (years) 16.0 0.2 16.2 0.2 16.0 0.3 16.2 0.2 16.0 0.3 16.0 0.2 0.72
Height (cm) 183.0 4.6 174.9 5.4 180.9 4.6 179.8 4.5 173.6 6.2 176.0 5.6 0.13
Body mass (kg) 79.7 10.1 67.4 3.4 75.2# 5.4 66.0* 3.0 63.1* 5.6 65.6 2.4 0.003
BMI (kg/m2) 23.8 3.3 22.0 1.2 22.9 0.6 20.4 0.7 21.0 1.7 21.2 0.6 0.06
Siting height (cm) 96.7 2.1 92.2 2.8 96.5 2.1 92.3 1.3 91.0 4.3 94.0 3.6 0.06
Fingers measurements (cm)              
LF-2D 7.9 0.2 7.2 0.7 7.7 0.5 7.9 0.5 7.6 0.3 7.7 0.4 0.27
LF-4D 8.3 0.2 7.5 0.5 8.2 0.5 8.3 0.6 8.1 0.3 8.2 0.4 0.11
LF-2D:4D 0.96 0.01 0.96 0.03 0.94 0.03 0.95 0.02 0.95 0.02 0.95 0.00 0.87
RF-2D 8.0 0.2 7.2 0.7 7.7 0.5 7.9 0.5 7.6 0.2 7.7 0.4 0.25
RF-4D 8.4 0.0 7.5 0.5 8.3 0.5 8.4 0.6 8.1 0.3 8.1 0.5 0.07
RF-2D:4D 0.95 0.02 0.96 0.03 0.94 0.03 0.95 0.02 0.94 0.02 0.95 0.01 0.92
Dif-R-L-Ratio  − 0.011 0.012  − 0.001 0.006  − 0.001 0.002  − 0.002 0.003  − 0.002 0.008 0.002 0.011 0.42
  1. GK Goalkeepers; FW forwards; CM centre-midfielder; CH centre-half; FB fullback; WG winger; BMI body mass index; RF-2D The length of the digit two-finger of the right hand; RF-4D The length of the digit four-finger of the right hand; LF-2D The length of the digit two-finger of the left hand.; LF-4D The length of the digit four-finger of the left hand; Dif-R-L-Ratio Difference right-fingers 2D:4D ratio minus left-fingers 2D:4D ratio
  2. Represents a statistically significant difference between groups to one-way ANOVA (p < 0.05)
  3. *Represents a statistically significant difference compared with goalkeepers (p < 0.05)
  4. #Represents a statistically significant difference compared with wingers (p < 0.05)