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Table 2 Outcomes for the 6 (age: 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18) × 2 (side: throwing arm, non-throwing arm) analysis of variance with repeated measure on side

From: Side differences of upper quarter Y balance test performance in sub-elite young male and female handball players with different ages

Measure 13 years (n = 25) 14 years (n = 32) 15 years (n = 49) 16 years (n = 34) 17 years (n = 33) 18 years (n = 17) p value (ηp2)
TA NTA TA NTA TA NTA TA NTA TA NTA TA NTA Age Side
MD (% AL) 109.2 ± 11.5 108.3 ± 8.5 110.6 ± 9.0 109.5 ± 8.7 107.7 ± 9.4 105.6 ± 9.9 106.6 ± 18.4 105.3 ± 17.1 97.9 ± 19.9 96.4 ± 17.5 98.8 ± 23.3 97.2 ± 23.6 .002 (.10) .004* (.04)
IL (% AL) 99.1 ± 10.6 98.3 ± 14.0 108.1 ± 11.7 104.5 ± 13.1 99.3 ± 11.8 99.5 ± 13.0 109.1 ± 17.9 107.2 ± 18.2 105.9 ± 19.3 104.9 ± 19.7 108.9 ± 17.3 107.4 ± 16.4 .025 (.07) .034* (.02)
SL (% AL) 77.8 ± 11.0 78.4 ± 12.9 83.5 ± 8.8 80.4 ± 9.8 84.7 ± 11.6 83.2 ± 11.6 87.0 ± 10.9 85.2 ± 11.4 85.1 ± 12.5 83.7 ± 12.8 92.2 ± 10.7 89.0 ± 10.9 .006 (.09) .010* (.04)
CS (% AL) 95.4 ± 8.8 95.0 ± 10.0 100.6 ± 8.2 98.0 ± 8.4 97.2 ± 8.4 96.1 ± 9.4 100.9 ± 8.9 99.2 ± 10.0 96.3 ± 8.5 95.0 ± 8.4 100.0 ± 7.1 97.9 ± 8.0 .112 (.05)  < .001* (.07)
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation. Figures in brackets are effect sizes (ηp2) with .02 ≤ ηp2 ≤ .12 indicating small, .13 ≤ ηp2 ≤ .25 indicating medium, and ηp2 ≥ .26 indicating large effects
  2. AL arm length, CS composite score, Il inferolateral, MD medial, NTA non-throwing arm, SL superolateral, TA throwing arm
  3. Significant age difference
  4. *Significant side difference