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Table 2 Absolute and relative (to body mass: BM and to lean mass: LM) hand gripping and back strength performances of male and female subjects

From: The effect of body composition on strength and power in male and female students

Groups
Tests
Male (n = 72) Female (n = 64) ∆ F/M (%)
Hand grip (HG) (kg) 44.0 ± 5 31.0 ± 4 30.8
p < 0.001
Hand grip relative to body mass (HG/BM) 0.6 ± 0.08 0.5 ± 0.06 18.03
p < 0.001
Hand grip relative to lean mass (HG/LM) 0.74 ± 0.10 0.67 ± 0.06 9.46
p < 0.01
Back strength (BS) (kg) 141.0 ± 18 81.6 ± 13 43.7
p < 0.001
Back strength relative to body mass (BS/BM) 2 ± 0.26 1.3 ± 0.2 31.1
p < 0.001
Back strength relative to lean mass (BS/LM) 2.4 ± 0.3 2 ± 0.2 15.7
p < 0.01
  1. Data presentation as in Table 1