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Table 3 Psychological Attributes: percentage of IP/n-IP and AB/AwD athletes who agree that these psychological attributes are vital to their success

From: A survey of elite and pre-elite athletes’ perceptions of key support, lifestyle and performance factors

Psychological Attributes IP n-IP p value AB AwD p value
Ability to adapt to change 100 94 0.053 96 95
Resilience 100 96 98 95
Self-discipline 98 100 99 100
Mental toughness 98 94 0.188 95 95 0.489
Ability to recover after injury 98 89 0.052 93 86 0.129
Being self-aware 98 91 0.099 93 95 0.362
Ability to manage emotions during competition 98 94 0.188 96 90 0.140
Goal setting and planning 95 94 0.392 94 95 0.423
Routines 95 87 0.190 90 86 0.272
Ability to manage performance nerves 95 91 0.232 95 81 0.012*
Strategic thinking 90 88 0.345 89 86 0.323
Reflection 90 90 0.500 91 86 0.222
Coping skills 90 90 0.500 90 90 0.484
Problem Solving 88 91 0.260 91 86 0.222
Breathing 88 80 0.156 85 71 0.063
Ability to create a supportive network 85 82 0.306 83 81 0.396
Being a knowledge seeker 83 78 0.264 78 86 0.226
Rituals 61 46 0.064 55 33 0.036*
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01