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  1. Content type: Research article

    The aims of the study were (i) to investigate the relationship between elite marathon race times and age in 1-year intervals by using the world single age records in marathon running from 5 to 93 years and (ii) t...

    Authors: Beat Knechtle, Hervé Assadi, Romuald Lepers, Thomas Rosemann and Christoph Alexander Rüst

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:31

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In the past, plyometric training (PT) has been predominantly performed on stable surfaces. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine effects of a 7-week lower body PT on stable vs. unstable surfaces. This...

    Authors: Armin Kibele, Claudia Classen, Thomas Muehlbauer, Urs Granacher and David G Behm

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:30

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Protein supplements are extensively used among commercial gym users and athletes. Although demographic information amongst such consumption has been poorly investigated. The aim of this study is to compare pro...

    Authors: Antonino Bianco, Caterina Mammina, Ewan Thomas, Francesco Ciulla, Umberto Pupella, Francesco Gagliardo, Marianna Bellafiore, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Paoli and Antonio Palma

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:29

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Antioxidant supplementation has recently been demonstrated to be a double-edged sword, because small to moderate doses of exogenous antioxidants are essential or beneficial, while high doses may have adverse e...

    Authors: Gøran Paulsen, Kristoffer T Cumming, Håvard Hamarsland, Elisabet Børsheim, Sveinung Berntsen and Truls Raastad

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:28

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. Recently, we showed that non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) assessed by the self-reported questionnaire is favorably associated with metabolic...

    Authors: Hidetaka Hamasaki, Hidekatsu Yanai, Masafumi Kakei, Mitsuhiko Noda and Osamu Ezaki

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:27

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  6. Content type: Research article

    A recent review concludes that the agreement of data across ActiGraph accelerometer models for children and youth still is uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the agreement of three generations of...

    Authors: May Grydeland, Bjoerge Herman Hansen, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Elin Kolle and Sigmund Alfred Anderssen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:26

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated swimming speeds and sex differences of finalists competing at the Olympic Games (i.e. 624 female and 672 male athletes) and FINA World Championships (i.e. 990 women and 1008 men) between 1...

    Authors: Stefanie Wild, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:25

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  8. Content type: Commentary

    The hemodynamic and cardiac responses to exercise have been widely investigated in adults. However, little is known regarding myocardial performance in response to a short bout of maximal exercise in adolescen...

    Authors: Åsa Fomin, Cristina Da Silva, Mattias Ahlstrand, Anders Sahlén, Lars Lund, Marcus Stahlberg, Anders Gabrielsen and Aristomenis Manouras

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:24

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite growing interest in the relationship between exercise and short-term neural plasticity, the effects of exercise on motor cortical (M1) excitability are not well studied. Acute, lower-limb aerobic exerc...

    Authors: Amaya M Singh, Robin E Duncan, Jason L Neva and W Richard Staines

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:23

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Repeated sprint performance is determined by explosive production of power, as well as rapid recovery between successive sprints, and there is evidence that compression garments and sports taping can improve b...

    Authors: Dennis-Peter Born, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Florian Goernert and Billy Sperlich

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:21

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Existing literature showed improved swimming performances for swimmers wearing wetsuits competing under standardized conditions in races held in pools on short to middle distances. Data about the influence of ...

    Authors: Sebastian Ulsamer, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:20

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to examine the sex and age-related differences in performance in a draft-legal ultra-cycling event.

    Authors: Lara Pozzi, Beat Knechtle, Patrizia Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Christoph Alexander Rüst

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:19

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the present study was to analyse potential changes in performance of elite breaststroke swimmers competing at national and international level and to compare to elite freestyle swimming performa...

    Authors: Mathias Wolfrum, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:18

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  14. Content type: Review

    The anaerobic threshold (AT) has been one of the most studied of all physiological variables. Many authors have proposed the use of several markers to determine the moment at with the AT is reached. The presen...

    Authors: Ana B Peinado, Jesús J Rojo, Francisco J Calderón and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:17

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Aquatic exercise has been widely used for rehabilitation and functional recovery due to its physical and physiological benefits. However, there is a high variability in reporting on the muscle activity from su...

    Authors: Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas and Carlos Leonardo Cano-Herrera

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:15

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  16. Content type: Research article

    We developed a single stretch injury model to create damage near the musculotendinous junction (MTJ) of the gastrocnemius muscle in mice. Our hypothesis was that magnitude of muscle injury could be controlled ...

    Authors: Stacey L Brickson, Ronald P McCabe, Adam W Pala and Ray Vanderby Jr

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:14

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Thigh muscle injuries commonly occur during single leg loading tasks and patterns of muscle activation are thought to contribute to these injuries. The influence trunk and pelvis posture has on hip and thigh m...

    Authors: Simon Prior, Tim Mitchell, Rod Whiteley, Peter O’Sullivan, Benjamin K Williams, Sebastien Racinais and Abdulaziz Farooq

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:13

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Lateral humeral epicondylitis, or ‘tennis elbow’, is a common condition with a variety of treatment options. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and Autologous Whole Blood (AWB) represent new therapeutic options for ch...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Hossein Hassanabadi, Rosa Rahimi, Leyla Sedighipour and Khalil Rostami

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:12

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to describe professional soccer players’ perceptions towards injuries, physical recovery and the effect of surface related factors on injury resulting from soccer participation on...

    Authors: Constantine CN Poulos, John Gallucci Jr, William H Gage, Joseph Baker, Sebastian Buitrago and Alison K Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:11

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Muscle force is important for daily life and sports and can be measured with a handheld dynamometer. Reference values are employed to quantify a subject’s muscle force. It is not unambiguous whether reference ...

    Authors: Rob KW Douma, Remko Soer, Wim P Krijnen, Michiel Reneman and Cees P van der Schans

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:10

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Alpine skiing is one of the most popular winter sports in the world. Nevertheless, it has always been associated with a high risk of injury. There are however, only a few studies that have examined the risk of...

    Authors: Antti J Stenroos and Lauri E Handolin

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:9

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The present study investigated the changes in swimming speeds and sex differences for elite male and female swimmers competing in 5 km, 10 km and 25 km open-water FINA World Cup races held between 2000 and 2012.

    Authors: Matthias Alexander Zingg, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:7

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Regular moderate intensity physical activity positively influences the immune system with a lower incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and lower levels of pro-inflammatory markers. However, m...

    Authors: Viola Grabs, David C Nieman, Bernhard Haller, Martin Halle and Johannes Scherr

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:8

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms through which exercise reduces cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. We used echocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers and gene expression to investigate cardiovascular effects associated w...

    Authors: Danica D Vance, Gordon L Chen, Mark Stoutenberg, Robert J Myerburg, Kevin Jacobs, Lubov Nathanson, Arlette Perry, David Seo, Pascal J Goldschmidt-Clermont and Evadnie Rampersaud

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    It is compulsory that domestic football/soccer teams in UEFA competitions organise players’ pre-participation medicals. Although screening guidelines have been established, these remain controversial. The find...

    Authors: Neil Heron and ME Cupples

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:5

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  26. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The Editors of BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).

    Authors: Fernando Marques

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:3

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  27. Content type: Research article

    During the 4,487 km ultra marathon TransEurope-FootRace 2009 (TEFR09), runners showed catabolism with considerable reduction of body weight as well as reversible brain volume reduction. We hypothesized that ul...

    Authors: Wolfgang Freund, Sonja Faust, Christian Gaser, Georg Grön, Frank Birklein, Arthur P Wunderlich, Marguerite Müller, Christian Billich and Uwe H Schütz

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:4

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The ability to sustain brief high-intensity intermittent efforts (HIE) is meant to be a major attribute for performance in team sports. Adding changes of direction to HIE is believed to increase the specificit...

    Authors: Karim Hader, Alberto Mendez-Villanueva, Said Ahmaidi, Ben K Williams and Martin Buchheit

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:2

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although injuries related to sports and recreation represent a significant burden to children and youth, few studies have examined the descriptive epidemiology of sports-related injury since 2005, and some spo...

    Authors: Liraz Fridman, Jessica L Fraser-Thomas, Steven R McFaull and Alison K Macpherson

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:30

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Sex-related differences in performance and in age of peak performance have been reported for freestyle swimming. However, little is known about the sex-related differences in other swimming styles. The aim of ...

    Authors: Mathias Wolfrum, Beat Knechtle, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann and Romuald Lepers

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:29

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare through surface electromyographic (sEMG) recordings of the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) on dry land and in water by manual muscle test (MMT).

    Authors: Romualdo Castillo-Lozano and Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:28

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In order to improve training performance, as well as avoid overloading during prevention and rehabilitation exercises in patients, the aim of this study was to understand the biomechanical differences in the k...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, Julia Lindorfer, Renate List, William R Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:27

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Muscles are important “sensors of the joint instability”. The aim of this study was to identify the neuro-motor control strategies adopted by patients with anterior shoulder instability during overhead shoulde...

    Authors: Bala S Rajaratnam, James CH Goh and Prem V Kumar

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:26

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  34. Content type: Review

    The incidence of obesity is rising worldwide. Obesity is a risk factor for developing osteoarthritis in the knee. Obesity and knee osteoarthritis are independently disabling conditions and in combination pose ...

    Authors: Saif Salih and Paul Sutton

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:25

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the changes in participation, performance and age of East African runners competing in half-marathons and marathons held in Switzerland between 2000 and 2010.

    Authors: Marco Cribari, Christoph A Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Vincent Onywera, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:24

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Athletes suffering from any injuries want to know when they will be able to return sports activity. The period of return-to-sport after the arthroscopic meniscectomy is still unknown. The aim of this study is ...

    Authors: Sung-Gon Kim, Masashi Nagao, Koichi Kamata, Koichi Maeda and Masahiko Nozawa

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:23

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  37. Content type: Case report

    There are several reports of symptomatic ganglion cysts near the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and lateral and medial meniscus, but symptomatic ganglia arising from the a...

    Authors: Mei Guolong, Gao Zhi and Hu Yong

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:22

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Reaching overhead and reading are tasks that many individuals encounter daily. The level of difficulty of these tasks increases if an individual has neck pain. This study determined the neck movement patterns ...

    Authors: Marissa K Constand and Joy C MacDermid

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:21

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) is characterised by multiple osteochondromas that are distributed throughout the skeleton, invariably involving the shoulder girdle. Tumours within the subacromial space can...

    Authors: Nicholas D Clement, Julie M McBirnie and Daniel E Porter

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:20

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  40. Content type: Research article

    This study examined the effects of different levels of compression (0, 20 and 40 mmHg) produced by leg garments on selected psycho-physiological measures of performance while exposed to passive vibration (60 H...

    Authors: Billy Sperlich, Dennis-Peter Born, Mikael Swarén, Yvonne Kilian, Björn Geesmann, Matthias Kohl-Bareis and Hans-Christer Holmberg

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:18

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Soft tissue injuries associated with distal radius fractures have been reported by some authors. Arthroscopy can be used to evaluate the condition of the articular surface and intracarpal soft tissues and as a...

    Authors: Takeshi Ogawa, Toshikazu Tanaka, Takaji Yanai, Hiroshi Kumagai and Naoyuki Ochiai

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:19

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a debilitating disorder with an unknown aetiology but suspected multifactorial origins. Common “triggers” include severe viral infections and emotional stress. Recent studies have a...

    Authors: Suzanne Broadbent and Rosanne Coutts

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:16

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Quantitative measurement of anterior translation of the tibia (ATT) by KT 1000 is used mainly to provide an objective assessment of knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears or ACL reconstructio...

    Authors: Kaissar Yammine

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:17

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  44. Content type: Research

    A novel method of fixation has been described for the treatment of pure depression fractures of the lateral tibial plateau. Fracture fragments are elevated through a reamed transtibial tunnel. An interference ...

    Authors: Caroline M Blakey, Michael Rennison, Stephen P Guy and Paul M Sutton

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:15

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Kettlebell exercises are more efficient for an athlete to increase his or her muscle strength. However it carries the risk of injury especially in the beginners. A 39 year old gentleman came to our clinic with...

    Authors: Karuppaiah Karthik, Charles William Carter-Esdale, Sanjay Vijayanathan and Tony Kochhar

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:13

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Persistent unexplained pain around the knee can be a perplexing problem. Reports of complex regional pain syndrome involving primarily knee have been published, yet complex regional pain syndrome of the knee i...

    Authors: Munmun Pandita and Umer Arfath

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:12

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