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  1. Little is known about the musculoskeletal (MSK) exam providers use during the Preparticipation Physical Examination (PPE). The primary aims of this study were to determine current practice with regards to the ...

    Authors: Connor Corrente, Matthew Silvis, Joseph Murphy, Robert Gallo and Cayce Onks
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:84
  2. Balance disorders are common in patients with neurological or vestibular diseases. Telerehabilitation program is a treatment to be as safe as conventional treatment. One of the most used methods to perform tel...

    Authors: Marcos Maldonado-Díaz, Patricia Vargas, Ricardo Vasquez, Felipe Gonzalez-Seguel, Betel Rivero, Viviane Hidalgo-Cabalín and Tania Gutierrez-Panchana
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:83
  3. The Square Stepping Exercise (SSE) is an exercise training program incorporating cognitive and physical exercise components, which was originally developed for older adults to reduce falling risks. SSE’s poten...

    Authors: Masato Kawabata, Su Ren Gan, Gint Goh, Siti Aisha Binte Omar, Ivan T. F. Oh, Wan Qi Wee and Tomohiro Okura
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:82
  4. Representation of people with disabilities in fitness centres is lacking, despite initiatives to promote inclusion mainly in the UK and USA. Success creating these inclusive spaces is mixed and few were crafte...

    Authors: Helene Nikolajsen, Emma Victoria Richardson, Louise Fleng Sandal, Birgit Juul-Kristensen and Jens Troelsen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:81
  5. Even though the importance of preparing patients for a surgical event is recognized, there are still gaps about the benefit of improving functional capacity by walking during the waiting time among patients sc...

    Authors: Olga L. Cortés, Mauricio Herrera-Galindo, Claudia Becerra, Mónica Rincón-Roncancio, Camilo Povea-Combariza and Maribel Esparza-Bohorquez
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:80
  6. Rehabilitation plays an important role in the management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and current guidelines recommend implementation of a monitored individualized exercise training p...

    Authors: Mariusz Wojciuk, Mariusz Ciolkiewicz, Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal, Sylwia Chwiesko-Minarowska, Emilia Sawicka, Katarzyna Ptaszynska-Kopczynska and Karol Kaminski
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:79
  7. Exercise is often used to obtain a negative energy balance. However, its effects on body weight reduction are usually below expectations. One possible explanation is a reduction in spontaneous physical activit...

    Authors: Ana Carolina Silvares Quintanilha, Izabelle Dias Benfato, Robson Luiz Oliveira Santos, Hanna Karen Moreira Antunes and Camila Aparecida Machado de Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:78
  8. The fact that kinesio tape may be capable to enhance muscle power would qualify it as practical tool to be considered during passive warm-up (WU) or coupled with active WU processes prior to power-based perfor...

    Authors: Alessio Rossi, Damiano Formenti, Luca Cavaggioni, Giampietro Alberti, Fabio Esposito, Fabio D’Angelo and Athos Trecroci
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:77
  9. Studies investigating postural orientation in uninjured youth athletes are scarce. Understanding how postural orientation during functional performance tests change with age in uninjured athletes has the poten...

    Authors: Sofia Ryman Augustsson, Jenny Nae, Magnus Karlsson, Tomas Peterson, Per Wollmer and Eva Ageberg
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:76
  10. To evaluate cycling participation and identify barriers and facilitators related to cycling participation in people with a lower limb amputation (LLA) in the Netherlands.

    Authors: Jutamanee Poonsiri, Rienk Dekker, Pieter U. Dijkstra, Juha M. Hijmans and Jan H. B. Geertzen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:75
  11. Authors: Miyuki Hori, Tadashi Suga, Masafumi Terada, Takahiro Tanaka, Yuki Kusagawa, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano and Tadao Isaka
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:74

    The original article was published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:67

  12. Most injuries in track and field are caused by overuse with conflicting reports concerning the underlying mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how biomechanical and clinical factors relate to ...

    Authors: Andreas Lundberg Zachrisson, Andreas Ivarsson, Pia Desai, Jon Karlsson and Stefan Grau
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:73
  13. The Unilateral Seated Shot-Put Test (USSPT) consists of pushing an overweight ball as far as possible to assess upper extremity power unilaterally and bilateral symmetry. Literature however reports various bod...

    Authors: Matthieu Degot, Yoann Blache, Grégory Vigne, Gabriel Franger, Lionel Neyton and Isabelle Rogowski
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:72
  14. The “FIFA 11 + Shoulder” programme has been reported to reduce the incidence of upper extremity injuries among soccer goalkeepers. It has also been recommended for overhead sports. The purpose of this study wa...

    Authors: Mostafa Zarei, Saeed Eshghi and Mahdi Hosseinzadeh
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:71
  15. The knowledge of the long-term consequences of covid-19 is limited. In patients, symptoms such as fatigue, decreased physical, psychological, and cognitive function, and nutritional problems have been reported...

    Authors: E. Rydwik, L. Anmyr, M. Regardt, A. McAllister, R. Zarenoe, E. Åkerman, Y. Orrevall, M. Bragesjö, O. Dahl, M. K. Kemani, L. Nordstrand, U. Ekman, L. Holmström and M. Nygren-Bonnier
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:70
  16. Regular physical activity and exercise provide many health benefits. These health benefits are mediated in large part through cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength. As most individuals have not had a...

    Authors: James T. Langland, Neeraj Sathnur, Qi Wang and Andrew P. J. Olson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:69
  17. Bodybuilding is a competitive endeavor where a combination of muscle size, symmetry, “conditioning” (low body fat levels), and stage presentation are judged. Success in bodybuilding requires that competitors a...

    Authors: Guillermo Escalante, Scott W. Stevenson, Christopher Barakat, Alan A. Aragon and Brad J. Schoenfeld
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:68
  18. This study examined the relationships of knee extensor strength and quadriceps femoris size with sprint performance in sprinters.

    Authors: Miyuki Hori, Tadashi Suga, Masafumi Terada, Takahiro Tanaka, Yuki Kusagawa, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano and Tadao Isaka
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:67

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:74

  19. Sports should endeavour to provide inclusive opportunities for all people to participate. More evidence is required to understand who joins sports clubs and what keeps participants engaged throughout their lif...

    Authors: Bridget C. Foley, Catriona Rose, Katherine B. Owen and Lindsey J. Reece
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:59
  20. The Single Leg Squat test (SLS) is a common tool used in clinical examination to set and evaluate rehabilitation goals, but there is not one established SLS test used in the clinic. Based on previous scientifi...

    Authors: John Ressman, Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas Grooten and Eva Rasmussen-Barr
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:66
  21. Dietary inorganic nitrate (NO3) is a polyatomic ion, which is present in large quantities in green leafy vegetables and beetroot, and has attracted considerable attention in recent years as a potential health-pr...

    Authors: Oliver M. Shannon, Chris Easton, Anthony I. Shepherd, Mario Siervo, Stephen J. Bailey and Tom Clifford
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:65
  22. American football players need the ability to provide maximal muscular power in a modicum of time. Postactivation performance enhancement (PAPE), which is characterized by an acute improvement of a performance...

    Authors: Robert Bielitzki, Daniel Hamacher and Astrid Zech
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:64
  23. There is limited information on the physique attributes of female netball players from the highest playing standards and the typical body composition changes that occur with training and competition in these a...

    Authors: Luke Hogarth, Ava Farley, Max McKenzie, Brendan Burkett and Mark McKean
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:63
  24. This study was designed to investigate effects of Kinesiotape (KT) with closed basket weave method and lace-up braces (LB) on the vertical time to stabilization, peak vertical ground reaction force (PvGRF), an...

    Authors: Ali Yalfani and Zahra Raeisi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:62
  25. Compression garments are generally used for their potential benefits in exercise performance and post-exercise recovery. Previous studies show that compression sleeves worn at the elbow change neuromuscular co...

    Authors: Yao Sun, Bridget Munro and E. Paul Zehr
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:61
  26. Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are leading causes of mortality. These conditions are also known as chronic diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Physical activity (PA) is a main factor to...

    Authors: Giovanni Iolascon, Francesca Gimigliano, Gioconda Di Pietro, Antimo Moretti, Marco Paoletta, Matteo Rivezzi, Alessandro Distante and Prisco Piscitelli
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:60
  27. Throughout the ecosystem of sport, women have been and continue to be underrepresented at all levels compared to men. The capacity of community-level sport is heavily reliant on the many non-player roles inclu...

    Authors: R Eime, M Charity, B. C Foley, J Fowlie and L. J Reece
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:58
  28. One potential reason for disparate outcomes of exercise for Achilles tendinopathy is poor knowledge about whether exercise parameters (i.e. different exercise doses) influence outcome. Whether parameters that ...

    Authors: Fatmah Hasani, Terry Haines, Shannon E. Munteanu, Peter Schoch, Bill Vicenzino and Peter Malliaras
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:57
  29. We assessed the effects of gender, in association with a four-week small-sided games (SSGs) training program, during Ramadan intermitting fasting (RIF) on changes in psychometric and physiological markers in p...

    Authors: Seifeddine Brini, Abderraouf Ben Abderrahman, Cain C. T. Clark, Sghaeir Zouita, Anthony C. Hackney, Karuppasamy Govindasamy, Urs Granacher and Hassane Zouhal
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:56
  30. A special improvement in pulmonary function is found in swimmers. In clinical testing the airway reactivity is observed at certain exercise intensity and target ventilation. However, in highly trained swimmers...

    Authors: Marja Päivinen, Kari Keskinen and Heikki Tikkanen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:55
  31. The technical and tactical diagnosis of table tennis is extremely important in the preparation for competition which is complicated by an apparent nonlinear relationship between athletes’ performance and their...

    Authors: Wenwen Huang, Miaomiao Lu, Yuxuan Zeng, Mengyue Hu and Yi Xiao
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:54
  32. Basketball is the most popular sport in Lebanon. Adequate nutrition has been established to be a key component of optimal athletic performance, recovery from exercise and exercise-induced injury and documented...

    Authors: Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Catherine el Hage and Antoine Farhat
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:53
  33. Surfing is a popular sport in Australia, accounting for nearly 10% of the population. External auditory exostosis (EAE), also referred to as surfer’s ear, is recognized as a potentially serious complication of...

    Authors: Vini Simas, Wayne Hing, Evelyne Rathbone, Rodney Pope and Mike Climstein
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:52
  34. High levels of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) induce apoptosis and pro-inflammatory effects for primary degeneration of tendon and development of tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate...

    Authors: Lucas Rafael Lopes, Vitor Almeida Ribeiro de Miranda, João Antonio Matheus Guimarães, Gabriel Garcez de Araujo Souza, Victor Soares Wainchtock, João Alves Grangeiro Neto, Rodrigo de Araújo Goes and Jamila Alessandra Perini
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:51
  35. The aim of this study was to analyze the consumption of sports supplements (SS) in competitive level fencers and compare differences based on sex and competitive level (international and national).

    Authors: Fernando Mata, Raúl Domínguez, Álvaro López-Samanes, Ángela Sánchez-Gómez, Pablo Jodra and Antonio J. Sánchez-Oliver
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:50
  36. Athletes who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction often exhibit persistent altered biomechanics and impaired function. Neuromuscular training programs appear to be effective for reduc...

    Authors: Mohamad Ghaderi, Amir Letafatkar, Abbey C. Thomas and Sohrab Keyhani
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:49
  37. Omega3 fatty acids as a ligand of energy-related genes, have a role in metabolism, and energy expenditure. These effects are due to changes in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma...

    Authors: Sara Moradi, Mohamadreza Alivand, Yaser KhajeBishak, Mohamad AsghariJafarabadi, Maedeh Alipour, Philip D. Chilibeck and Beitullah Alipour
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:48
  38. The ECA2/Ang-(1–7)/Mas axis is shown to be involved in effects mediated by physical exercise, as it can induce the release of nitric oxide (ON) and bradykinin (BK), which are potent vasodilators. The vasodilat...

    Authors: Samara Silva de Moura, Adália Táci Pereira Mendes, Francisco de Assis Dias Martins-Júnior, Nádia Lúcia Totou, Daniel Barbosa Coelho, Emerson Cruz de Oliveira, Daisy Motta-Santos, Robson Augusto Souza dos Santos and Lenice Kappes Becker
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:47
  39. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how an athlete’s participation in either an individual or team sport is related to their attitude toward sport psychology consulting and their willingness to...

    Authors: Dáire Rooney, Robin C. Jackson and Neil Heron
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:46
  40. Compared with the normal adult population, athletes of several sport disciplines, such as endurance sports, ball sports, cycling and swimming, have higher use of over-the-counter analgesics (OTC analgesics). T...

    Authors: Lisa Hager, Beate Averbeck, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage and Dieter F. Kutz
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:45
  41. Excessive unilateral joint loads may lead to overuse disorders. Bilateral training in archery is only performed as a supportive coordination training and as a variation of typical exercise. However, a series o...

    Authors: Mareike Schmitt, Lutz Vogt, Jan Wilke and Daniel Niederer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:44
  42. Self-myofascial release is an emerging technique in strength and conditioning. Yet, there is no consensus regarding optimal practice guidelines. Here, we investigated the acute effects of various foam rolling ...

    Authors: Yann Kerautret, Aymeric Guillot, Carole Eyssautier, Guillaume Gibert and Franck Di Rienzo
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:43
  43. The value of social support in enhancing performance is well established in non-impaired and sub-international level athletes with impairments. Despite this, no research to date has explored the experiences of...

    Authors: Beth Aitchison, Alison B. Rushton, Paul Martin, Andrew Soundy and Nicola R. Heneghan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:42
  44. The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been adopted as an important component of preparticipation cardiovascular screening. However, there are still controversies in the screening and few studies with a large...

    Authors: Xu Wen, Yu-min Huang, Tong-Hui Shen, Ying-Lan Gong, Rui-qing Dong, Ling Xia and Tian-sheng Xie
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:41
  45. Exercise-induced improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) often coincide with improvements in insulin sensitivity and reductions in liver fat content. However, there are limited data concerning the rela...

    Authors: Angelo Sabag, Shelley E. Keating, Kimberley L. Way, Rachelle N. Sultana, Sean M. Lanting, Stephen M. Twigg and Nathan A. Johnson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:40
  46. Rapid weight loss (RWL) is commonly practiced in combat sports. Both magnitude and methods used to induce RWL are largely similar among combat sports, but currently, there is no data on RWL methodology used by...

    Authors: Patrik Drid, Flavia Figlioli, Nemanja Lakicevic, Ambra Gentile, Valdemar Stajer, Bojan Raskovic, Nina Vojvodic, Roberto Roklicer, Tatjana Trivic, Sergey Tabakov, Sergey Eliseev and Antonino Bianco
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:39
  47. When planning rehabilitation and conditioning for performance enhancement and a return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, identifying the elements of physical function associated with s...

    Authors: Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Shunsuke Ohji, Takehiro Ohmi, Sho Mitomo, Hideyuki Koga and Kazuyoshi Yagishita
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:38
  48. This study aimed to determine the relationships between athletic identity and sport commitment and return to sports (RTS) status in athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

    Authors: Shunsuke Ohji, Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Sho Mitomo, Takehiro Ohmi, Tetsuya Jinno, Hideyuki Koga and Kazuyoshi Yagishita
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:37
  49. We aimed to examine the effect of a high-intensity exercise bout on landing biomechanics in soccer players who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and non-injured soccer players during a...

    Authors: Ahmad Dhahawi Alanazi, Katy Mitchell, Toni Roddey, Aqeel M. Alenazi, Msaad M. Alzhrani, Ahmed M. Almansour and Alexis Ortiz-Rodriguez
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:36
  50. Therapeutic training is the most commonly used treatment methods for chronic low back pain (CLBP), and the use of a pressure biofeedback unit for transversus abdominis muscle (TrA) training is one of the core ...

    Authors: Changming Xu, Zhiwei Fu and Xueqiang Wang
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:35

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