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  1. We developed a single stretch injury model to create damage near the musculotendinous junction (MTJ) of the gastrocnemius muscle in mice. Our hypothesis was that magnitude of muscle injury could be controlled ...

    Authors: Stacey L Brickson, Ronald P McCabe, Adam W Pala and Ray Vanderby Jr

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Thigh muscle injuries commonly occur during single leg loading tasks and patterns of muscle activation are thought to contribute to these injuries. The influence trunk and pelvis posture has on hip and thigh m...

    Authors: Simon Prior, Tim Mitchell, Rod Whiteley, Peter O’Sullivan, Benjamin K Williams, Sebastien Racinais and Abdulaziz Farooq

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:13

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lateral humeral epicondylitis, or ‘tennis elbow’, is a common condition with a variety of treatment options. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and Autologous Whole Blood (AWB) represent new therapeutic options for ch...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Hossein Hassanabadi, Rosa Rahimi, Leyla Sedighipour and Khalil Rostami

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:12

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The purpose of this study was to describe professional soccer players’ perceptions towards injuries, physical recovery and the effect of surface related factors on injury resulting from soccer participation on...

    Authors: Constantine CN Poulos, John Gallucci Jr, William H Gage, Joseph Baker, Sebastian Buitrago and Alison K Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Muscle force is important for daily life and sports and can be measured with a handheld dynamometer. Reference values are employed to quantify a subject’s muscle force. It is not unambiguous whether reference ...

    Authors: Rob KW Douma, Remko Soer, Wim P Krijnen, Michiel Reneman and Cees P van der Schans

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Alpine skiing is one of the most popular winter sports in the world. Nevertheless, it has always been associated with a high risk of injury. There are however, only a few studies that have examined the risk of...

    Authors: Antti J Stenroos and Lauri E Handolin

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:9

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Regular moderate intensity physical activity positively influences the immune system with a lower incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and lower levels of pro-inflammatory markers. However, m...

    Authors: Viola Grabs, David C Nieman, Bernhard Haller, Martin Halle and Johannes Scherr

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The present study investigated the changes in swimming speeds and sex differences for elite male and female swimmers competing in 5 km, 10 km and 25 km open-water FINA World Cup races held between 2000 and 2012.

    Authors: Matthias Alexander Zingg, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The mechanisms through which exercise reduces cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. We used echocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers and gene expression to investigate cardiovascular effects associated w...

    Authors: Danica D Vance, Gordon L Chen, Mark Stoutenberg, Robert J Myerburg, Kevin Jacobs, Lubov Nathanson, Arlette Perry, David Seo, Pascal J Goldschmidt-Clermont and Evadnie Rampersaud

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:6

    Content type: Research article

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  10. It is compulsory that domestic football/soccer teams in UEFA competitions organise players’ pre-participation medicals. Although screening guidelines have been established, these remain controversial. The find...

    Authors: Neil Heron and ME Cupples

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:5

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Editors of BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 13 (2013).

    Authors: Fernando Marques

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:3

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

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  12. During the 4,487 km ultra marathon TransEurope-FootRace 2009 (TEFR09), runners showed catabolism with considerable reduction of body weight as well as reversible brain volume reduction. We hypothesized that ul...

    Authors: Wolfgang Freund, Sonja Faust, Christian Gaser, Georg Grön, Frank Birklein, Arthur P Wunderlich, Marguerite Müller, Christian Billich and Uwe H Schütz

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:4

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The ability to sustain brief high-intensity intermittent efforts (HIE) is meant to be a major attribute for performance in team sports. Adding changes of direction to HIE is believed to increase the specificit...

    Authors: Karim Hader, Alberto Mendez-Villanueva, Said Ahmaidi, Ben K Williams and Martin Buchheit

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:2

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although injuries related to sports and recreation represent a significant burden to children and youth, few studies have examined the descriptive epidemiology of sports-related injury since 2005, and some spo...

    Authors: Liraz Fridman, Jessica L Fraser-Thomas, Steven R McFaull and Alison K Macpherson

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:30

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Sex-related differences in performance and in age of peak performance have been reported for freestyle swimming. However, little is known about the sex-related differences in other swimming styles. The aim of ...

    Authors: Mathias Wolfrum, Beat Knechtle, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann and Romuald Lepers

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:29

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The aim of this study was to compare through surface electromyographic (sEMG) recordings of the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) on dry land and in water by manual muscle test (MMT).

    Authors: Romualdo Castillo-Lozano and Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:28

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In order to improve training performance, as well as avoid overloading during prevention and rehabilitation exercises in patients, the aim of this study was to understand the biomechanical differences in the k...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, Julia Lindorfer, Renate List, William R Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:27

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Muscles are important “sensors of the joint instability”. The aim of this study was to identify the neuro-motor control strategies adopted by patients with anterior shoulder instability during overhead shoulde...

    Authors: Bala S Rajaratnam, James CH Goh and Prem V Kumar

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:26

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The incidence of obesity is rising worldwide. Obesity is a risk factor for developing osteoarthritis in the knee. Obesity and knee osteoarthritis are independently disabling conditions and in combination pose ...

    Authors: Saif Salih and Paul Sutton

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:25

    Content type: Review

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  20. This study examined the changes in participation, performance and age of East African runners competing in half-marathons and marathons held in Switzerland between 2000 and 2010.

    Authors: Marco Cribari, Christoph A Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Vincent Onywera, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:24

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Athletes suffering from any injuries want to know when they will be able to return sports activity. The period of return-to-sport after the arthroscopic meniscectomy is still unknown. The aim of this study is ...

    Authors: Sung-Gon Kim, Masashi Nagao, Koichi Kamata, Koichi Maeda and Masahiko Nozawa

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:23

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There are several reports of symptomatic ganglion cysts near the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and lateral and medial meniscus, but symptomatic ganglia arising from the a...

    Authors: Mei Guolong, Gao Zhi and Hu Yong

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:22

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Reaching overhead and reading are tasks that many individuals encounter daily. The level of difficulty of these tasks increases if an individual has neck pain. This study determined the neck movement patterns ...

    Authors: Marissa K Constand and Joy C MacDermid

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:21

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) is characterised by multiple osteochondromas that are distributed throughout the skeleton, invariably involving the shoulder girdle. Tumours within the subacromial space can...

    Authors: Nicholas D Clement, Julie M McBirnie and Daniel E Porter

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:20

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Soft tissue injuries associated with distal radius fractures have been reported by some authors. Arthroscopy can be used to evaluate the condition of the articular surface and intracarpal soft tissues and as a...

    Authors: Takeshi Ogawa, Toshikazu Tanaka, Takaji Yanai, Hiroshi Kumagai and Naoyuki Ochiai

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:19

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study examined the effects of different levels of compression (0, 20 and 40 mmHg) produced by leg garments on selected psycho-physiological measures of performance while exposed to passive vibration (60 H...

    Authors: Billy Sperlich, Dennis-Peter Born, Mikael Swarén, Yvonne Kilian, Björn Geesmann, Matthias Kohl-Bareis and Hans-Christer Holmberg

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:18

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Quantitative measurement of anterior translation of the tibia (ATT) by KT 1000 is used mainly to provide an objective assessment of knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears or ACL reconstructio...

    Authors: Kaissar Yammine

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:17

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a debilitating disorder with an unknown aetiology but suspected multifactorial origins. Common “triggers” include severe viral infections and emotional stress. Recent studies have a...

    Authors: Suzanne Broadbent and Rosanne Coutts

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:16

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. A novel method of fixation has been described for the treatment of pure depression fractures of the lateral tibial plateau. Fracture fragments are elevated through a reamed transtibial tunnel. An interference ...

    Authors: Caroline M Blakey, Michael Rennison, Stephen P Guy and Paul M Sutton

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  30. Kettlebell exercises are more efficient for an athlete to increase his or her muscle strength. However it carries the risk of injury especially in the beginners. A 39 year old gentleman came to our clinic with...

    Authors: Karuppaiah Karthik, Charles William Carter-Esdale, Sanjay Vijayanathan and Tony Kochhar

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:13

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Persistent unexplained pain around the knee can be a perplexing problem. Reports of complex regional pain syndrome involving primarily knee have been published, yet complex regional pain syndrome of the knee i...

    Authors: Munmun Pandita and Umer Arfath

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:12

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of image-free computer-assisted navigation system update on outcome in total knee arthroplasty.

    Authors: Hiroshi Inui, Shuji Taketomi, Kensuke Nakamura, Seira Takei, Hideki Takeda, Sakae Tanaka and Takumi Nakagawa

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:10

    Content type: Research

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  33. Dynamic US examination is a convenient, accurate, inexpensive and reproducible diagnostic tool for assessing the integrity of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis in ankle injuries. However normal values for ph...

    Authors: Omer Mei-Dan, Mike Carmont, Lior Laver, Meir Nyska, Hagay Kammar, Gideon Mann, Barnaby Clarck and Eugene Kots

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:9

    Content type: Research

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  34. The aim of this study was to assess airway hyperresponsiveness to eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation and dry powder mannitol challenge in athletes aiming to participate at the Paralympic Games 2008 in Beijing...

    Authors: Mirjam Osthoff, Franz Michel, Matthias Strupler, David Miedinger, Anne B Taegtmeyer, Jörg D Leuppi and Claudio Perret

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:7

    Content type: Research

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  35. The growing interest in marathon runners and marathons in Nigeria has not been reflected in reports of injuries and other health problems associated with these events. This study therefore outlines the inciden...

    Authors: Omoyemi O Ogwumike and Ade F Adeniyi

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:6

    Content type: Research

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  36. Describe the evolution of the reconstruction of meniscal rim with semitendinosus tendon in a patient with knee pain after a subtotal meniscectomy and absence of meniscal wall.

    Authors: Juan D Ayala Mejias, Roselyn C Alvarez Sciamanna, Manuel Perez-España Muniesa and Luis Alcocer Pérez-España

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:4

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective procedure. However, for some patients, the outcomes are not satisfactory. Identification of TKA determinants could help manage these patients more efficiently. The...

    Authors: François Desmeules, Clermont E Dionne, Étienne L Belzile, Renée Bourbonnais, François Champagne and Pierre Frémont

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:2

    Content type: Research

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  38. This Editorial celebrates the launch of BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation within the BMC series of journals published by BioMed Central. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation incorporates ...

    Authors: Elizabeth C Moylan and Genevieve Horne

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:1

    Content type: Editorial

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  39. The present study is a report of retrospective case series of stress fracture of the olecranon. Six patients presented posterior elbow pain in throwing in baseball and softball, but fracture was not diagnosed ...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Fujioka, Kenjiro Tsunemi, Yohei Takagi and Juichi Tanaka

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2012 4:49

    Content type: Case report

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  40. The aim of this review was to present an over view of degenerative rotator cuff tears and a suggested management protocol based upon current evidence. Degenerative rotator cuff tears are common and are a major...

    Authors: Nicholas D Clement, Yuan X Nie and Julie M McBirnie

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2012 4:48

    Content type: Review

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  41. The clavicle connects the shoulder girdle to the axial skeleton, providing support and mobility for optimal upper extremity function. Fractures of the clavicle account for up to 4% of all fractures and compris...

    Authors: Thomas P Goss and Xinning Li

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2012 4:47

    Content type: Case report

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  42. The purpose of this present study was to examine contralateral ACL injury cases after ACL reconstruction, to determine the characteristics of such injuries.

    Authors: Junsuke Nakase, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya and Katsuhiko Kitaoka

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2012 4:46

    Content type: Research

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  43. Overuse injuries are generally defined as a repetitive micro-trauma to tissue. Many researchers have associated particular biomechanical parameters as an indicator of such injuries. However, while these parame...

    Authors: Joseph Hamill, Christopher Palmer and Richard E A Van Emmerik

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2012 4:45

    Content type: Review

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