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Prevalence of low back pain among elite Australian senior rowers

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Background

Research shows that the prevalence of lower back (LBP) pain is high among rowers [1, 2]. Previous methods of data collection on LBP in the Australia Rowing Team (ART) do not allow for comparison against other rowing populations. The purpose of this study was to collect the current prevalence of LBP across senior elite Australian rowers at one point in time, using methods comparable to those presently reported in the literature both in the general and sporting populations. A secondary aim of the study was to determine whether gender, type of rowing or weight category made a rower more susceptible to low back pain at a specific point in time.

Methods

This was a cohort study, based on a cross-sectional survey of the 77 rowers selected as part of the 2014 Australian Senior Rowing Team. Participants were asked specific questions relating to their experience of LBP, particularly current, recent and lifetime LBP.

Results

83% of the rowers surveyed had experience LBP at some point in their lifetime, whilst 57% had experienced LBP during their rowing career. 18% had experienced LBP within the past month of being surveyed and 8% had experienced LBP within the 24hour period before participating in the survey. A significant difference between sweep and sculling showed that sweep rowers were more likely to have experienced LBP than scullers in the 24 hours prior to the study. This was not evident when analysing for previous month, rowing lifetime or lifetime LBP prevalence. Gender and weight category did not make a rower more susceptible to LBP. These results are comparable to the experience of both other high-level rowing programs and the general population [13].

Conclusion

The prevalence of LBP among senior elite Australian rowers is comparable or lower than that described previously among other rowing populations [1, 2, 4]. Elite Australian rowers have a lower rate of point and period LBP prevalence than the general population, but a higher rate of LBP over their lifetime [3]. Gender or weight category did not make a rower more susceptible to low back pain at a specific point in time. Sweep oar rowing made a rower more susceptible to LBP than sculling over a 24 hour period but this was not the case over in a one month prevalence period, suggesting other factors may be responsible.

References

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    Bahr R, Andersen S, Løken S, Fossan B, Hansen T, Holme I: Low back pain among endurance athletes with and without specific back loading—a cross-sectional survey of cross-country skiers, rowers, orienteerers, and nonathletic controls. Spine. 2004, 29 (4): 449-454. 10.1097/01.BRS.0000096176.92881.37.

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    Teitz CC, O’Kane J, Lind BK, Hannafin JA: Back Pain in Intercollegiate Rowers. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002, 30 (5): 674-679.

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    Hoy D, Brooks P, Blyth F, Buchbinder R: The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain. Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology. 2010, 24 (6): 769-781. 10.1016/j.berh.2010.10.002.

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    Ng L, Perich D, Burnett A, Campbell A, O’Sullivan P: Self-Reported Prevalence, Pain Intensity and Risk Factors of Low Back Pain in Adolescent Rowers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2014, 17 (3): 266-270. 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.08.003.

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Author information

Correspondence to Kellie Wilkie.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Wilkie, K., Trease, L. & Wallis, M. Prevalence of low back pain among elite Australian senior rowers. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 7, O20 (2015) doi:10.1186/2052-1847-7-S1-O20

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Keywords

  • Data Collection
  • General Population
  • Cohort Study
  • Back Pain
  • Sport Medicine