Williams PT. Reduced total and cause-specific mortality from walking and running in diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014;46(5):933–9.
Paluska SA, Schwenk TL. Physical activity and mental health. Sports Med. 2000;29(3):167–80.
Videbaek S, Bueno AM, Nielsen RO, Rasmussen S. Incidence of running-related injuries per 1000 h of running in different types of runners: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2015;45(7):1017–26.
Carter K. Marathons by numbers: running the data. The Guardian [Online], 21 April 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/the-running-blog/2015/apr/21/marathons-by-numbers-running-the-data/. Accessed 13 March 2021.
Ingle S. How Parkrun’s 13 became five million and changed weekends for ever. The Guardian [Online], 1 October 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/sport/blog/2018/oct/01/parkrun-five-mlllion-runners/. Accessed 13 March 2021.
Reece LJ, Quirk H, Wellington C, Haake SJ, Wilson F. Bright Spots, physical activity investments that work: Parkrun; a global initiative striving for healthier and happier communities. Br J Sports Med. 2019;53(6):326–7.
Vitti A, Nikolaidis PT, Villiger E, Onywera V, Knechtle B. The “New York City Marathon”: participation and performance trends of 1.2M runners during half-century. Res Sports Med. 2020;28(1):121–137.
Buist I, Bredeweg SW, Bessem B, Van Mechelen W, Lemmink KA, Diercks RL. Incidence and risk factors of running-related injuries during preparation for a 4-mile recreational running event. Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(8):598–604.
Francis P, Whatman C, Sheerin K, Hume P, Johnson MI. The Proportion of lower limb running injuries by gender, anatomical location and specific pathology: a systematic review. J Sports Sci Med. 2019;18(1):21–31.
Junior LC, Costa LO, Lopes AD. Previous injuries and some training characteristics predict running-related injuries in recreational runners: a prospective cohort study. J Physiother. 2013;59(4):263–9.
van der Worp MP, ten Haaf DS, van Cingel R, de Wijer A, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW, Staal JB. Injuries in runners; a systematic review on risk factors and sex differences. PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0114937.
Renton, T., Petersen, B., & Kennedy, S. (2021). Investigating correlates of athletic identity and sport-related injury outcomes: a scoping review. BMJ Open, 11(4), e044199.
Leddy MH, Lambert MJ, Ogles BM. Psychological consequences of athletic injury among high-level competitors. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1994;65(4):347–54.
Eime RM, Sawyer N, Harvey JT, Casey MM, Westerbeek H, Payne WR. Integrating public health and sport management: Sport participation trends 2001–2010. Sport Manag Rev. 2015;18(2):207–17.
Kemler E, Romeijn K, Vriend I, Huisstede B. The relationship between the use of running applications and running-related injuries. Phys Sportsmed. 2018;46:73–7.
Janssen M, Scheerder J, Thibaut E, Brombacher A, Vos S. Who uses running apps and sports watches? Determinants and consumer profiles of event runners’ usage of running-related smartphone applications and sports watches. PloS One. 2017;12(7):e0181167.
Wiesner M, Zowalla R, Suleder J, Westers M, Pobiruchin M. Technology adoption, motivational aspects, and privacy concerns of wearables in the german running community: Field Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2018;6(12):e201.
Dallinga JM, Mennes M, Alpay L, Bijwaard H, De La Faille-Deutekom MB. App use, physical activity and healthy lifestyle: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15(1):833.
Shei RJ. Competitive influences of running applications on training habits. Phys Sportsmed. 2018;46(4):414–5.
Dallinga JM, Van Rijn R, Stubbe J, Deutekom M. Injury incidence and risk factors: a cohort study of 706 8-km or 16-km recreational runners. BMJ Open Sport Exercise Med. 2019;5(1):e000489.
Wang C, Vargas JT, Stokes T, Steele R, Shrier I. Analyzing activity and injury: lessons learned from the acute: chronic workload ratio. Sports Med. 2020;50(7):1243–54.
Cook JL, Docking SI. “Rehabilitation will increase the ‘capacity’ of your ...insert musculoskeletal tissue here....” Defining ‘tissue capacity’: a core concept for clinicians. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49:1484–5.
Schmikli SL, Backx FJ, Kemler HJ, et al. National survey on sports injuries in the netherlands: target populations for sports injury prevention programs. Clin J Sport Med. 2009;19(2):101–6.
Kemler E, Blokland D, Backx F, Huisstede B. Differences in injury risk and characteristics of injuries between novice and experienced runners over a 4-year period. Phys Sportsmed. 2018;46(4):485–91.
Grivas GV. The effects of detraining on cardiovascular parameters in distance runners. Med Sci Sports. 2019;4(2):91–5.
Houmard JA, Hortobágyi T, Johns RA, Bruno NJ, Nute CC, Shinebarger MH, Welborn JW. Effect of short-term training cessation on performance measures in distance runners. Int J Sports Med. 1992;13(8):572–6.
Sousa AC, Neiva HP, Izquierdo M, Cadore EL, Alves AR, Marinho DA. Concurrent training and detraining: brief review on the effect of exercise intensities. Int J Sports Med. 2019;40(12):747–55.
Wegner CE, Ridinger LL, Jordan JS, Funk DC. Get serious: gender and constraints to long-distance running. J Leis Res. 2015;47(3):305–21.
Malchrowicz-Mośko E, León-Guereño P, Tapia-Serrano MA, Sánchez-Miguel PA, Waśkiewicz Z. What encourages physically inactive people to start running? An analysis of motivations to participate in Parkrun and City Trail in Poland. Front Public Health. 2020;17(8):581017.
Pobiruchin M, Suleder J, Zowalla R, Wiesner M. Accuracy and adoption of wearable technology used by active citizens: a marathon event field study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2017;5(2):e24.
Clermont CA, Duffett-Leger L, Hettinga BA, Ferber R. Runners’ perspectives on ‘smart’ wearable technology and its use for preventing injury. Int J Hum-Comput Interact. 2020;36:131–40.
Ringuet-Riot CJ, Hahn A, James DA. A structured approach for technology innovation in sport. Sports Technology. 2013;6(3):137–49.
Hung LY, Lyons JG, Wu CH. Health information technology use among older adults in the United States, 2009–2018. Curr Med Res Opin. 2020;36(5):789–97.
Kluitenberg B, van Middelkoop M, Diercks R, van der Worp H. What are the differences in injury proportions between different populations of runners? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2015;45(8):1143–61.
Messier SP, Martin DF, Mihalko SL, Ip E, DeVita P, Cannon DW, Love M, Beringer D, Saldana S, Fellin RE, Seay JF. A 2-year prospective cohort study of overuse running injuries: the runners and injury longitudinal study (TRAILS). Am J Sports Med. 2018;46(9):2211–21.
Saragiotto BT, Yamato TP, Junior LC, Rainbow MJ, Davis IS, Lopes AD. What are the main risk factors for running-related injuries? Sports Med. 2014;44(8):1153–63.
van Poppel D, van der Worp M, Slabbekoorn A, van den Heuvel SSP, van Middelkoop M, Koes BW, Verhagen AP, Scholten-Peeters GGM. Risk factors for overuse injuries in short- and long-distance running: a systematic review. J Sport Health Sci. 2021;10(1):14–28.
Hespanhol Junior LC, Huisstede BM, Smits DW, Kluitenberg B, van der Worp H, van Middelkoop M, Hartgens F, Verhagen E. The NLstart2run study: economic burden of running-related injuries in novice runners participating in a novice running program. J Sci Med Sport. 2016;19(10):800–4.
Hespanhol Junior LC, van Mechelen W, Postuma E, Verhagen E. Health and economic burden of running-related injuries in runners training for an event: a prospective cohort study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016;26(9):1091–9.
Hespanhol Junior LC, Van Mechelen W, Verhagen E. Health and economic burden of running-related injuries in Dutch trailrunners: a prospective cohort study. Sports Med. 2017;47(2):367–77.
Willy RW. Innovations and pitfalls in the use of wearable devices in the prevention and rehabilitation of running related injuries. Phys Ther Sport. 2018;29:26–33.
Paquette MR, Napier C, Willy RW, Stellingwerff T. Moving beyond weekly “distance”: optimizing quantification of training load in runners. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2020;50(10):564–9.
Ebert JF, Huibers L, Christensen B, Christensen MB. Paper- or Web-Based Questionnaire Invitations as a Method for Data Collection: Cross-Sectional Comparative Study of Differences in Response Rate, Completeness of Data, and Financial Cost. J Med Internet Res. 2018;20(1):e24.
Smits DW, Backx F, Van Der Worp H, Van Middelkoop M, Hartgens F, Verhagen E, et al. Validity of injury self-reports by novice runners: comparison with reports by sports medicine physicians. Res Sports Med. 2019;27(1):72–87.