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  1. Content type: Research article

    Up-to-date research on musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness (MSMF) is lacking. The aims of the present paper were to a) establish normative values of MSMF by gender and age, and b) to assess how much of the...

    Authors: Ingirid Geirsdatter Heald Kjær, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sigmund Alfred Anderssen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:37

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. ...

    Authors: Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg and Ann-Sofie Bakshi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:36

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Surgery for cancer of the thoracic esophagus is a challenging procedure associated with high morbidity and mortality. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of the patie...

    Authors: Takayuki Inoue, Satoru Ito, Masahiko Ando, Motoki Nagaya, Hiromichi Aso, Yota Mizuno, Keiko Hattori, Hiroki Nakajima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yukiko Niwa, Yasuhiro Kodera, Masahiko Koike and Yoshinori Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:34

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Female handball athletes are at a particular risk of sustaining lower extremity injuries. The study examines time-dependent adaptations of static and dynamic balance as potential injury risk factors to a speci...

    Authors: Simon Steib, Peter Zahn, Christine zu Eulenburg, Klaus Pfeifer and Astrid Zech

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:33

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific...

    Authors: Ben Schram, Wayne Hing and Mike Climstein

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:32

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  6. Content type: Technical advance

    Prevention of multi-morbidities following non-communicable diseases requires a systematic registration of adverse modifiable risk factors, including low physical fitness. The aim of the study was to establish ...

    Authors: Cecilie Fau Brinkløv, Ida Kær Thorsen, Kristian Karstoft, Charlotte Brøns, Laura Valentiner, Henning Langberg, Allan Arthur Vaag, Jens Steen Nielsen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen and Mathias Ried-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:31

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  7. Content type: Research article

    There is very limited knowledge about the effects of exercise on men with Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP), especially regarding fatigue. We wanted to investigate the effects of resistance exercise compared with ...

    Authors: Anna Ericsson, Tomas Bremell, Åsa Cider and Kaisa Mannerkorpi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:29

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Paralympic sport provides sporting opportunities for athletes with a disability, with the Paralympic Games as the main event. Participation in sport is, however, associated with a significant risk for sustaini...

    Authors: Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström and Jan Lexell

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:28

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:30

  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Proximal humerus fractures can be treated surgically (eg: pinning, plate and screws) or conservatively by wearing a splint or a cast. Following both of these approaches, rehabilitation has proven effective to ...

    Authors: François Cabana, Catherine Pagé, Amy Svotelis, Samuel Langlois-Michaud and Michel Tousignant

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:27

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The use of exergaming is a potential alternative to traditional methods of balance training, which can be repetitive and somewhat monotonous. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of exergaming u...

    Authors: Gillian Barry, Paul van Schaik, Alasdair MacSween, John Dixon and Denis Martin

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:25

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces morbidity and mortality. Walking is a convenient activity suitable for people with cardiac disease. Pedometers count steps, measure walking activity and motivate p...

    Authors: Charlotte Brun Thorup, Mette Grønkjær, Helle Spindler, Jan Jesper Andreasen, John Hansen, Birthe Irene Dinesen, Gitte Nielsen and Erik Elgaard Sørensen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:24

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  12. Content type: Research article

    ACL ruptures in Alpine ski racers are frequently observed. This study analysed the association between physical fitness, race performance and the knee injury history.

    Authors: Kai-Uwe Schmitt, Nicole Hörterer, Michael Vogt, Walter O. Frey and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:23

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Volume kinetic fluid turnover of three beverages was investigated for the purpose of estimating their rates of absorption and elimination as well as their maximum effect on the blood volume. The results were t...

    Authors: Joachim Zdolsek, Annika Metander and Robert Hahn

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:22

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Bovine colostrum is proposed as a nutritional countermeasure to the risk of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) during exercise training. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the si...

    Authors: Arwel W. Jones, Daniel S. March, Ffion Curtis and Christopher Bridle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:21

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Most of the research in the area of psychosocial factors in rehabilitation after sports injuries has focused on risk behaviors, while relatively few studies have focused on behaviors that facilitate rehabilita...

    Authors: Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson, Jón Karlsson, Martin Hägglund, Markus Waldén and Mats Börjesson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:20

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Increased shoulder mobility and Generalised Joint Hypermobility (GJH) are assumed to be predisposing risk factors for shoulder injuries. The association between GJH and shoulder mobility among competitive swim...

    Authors: Tina Junge, Peter Henriksen, Heidi Lund Andersen, Linette Dyg Byskov, Hans Kromann Knudsen and Birgit Juul-Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:19

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The fascia provides and transmits forces for connective tissues, thereby regulating human posture and movement. One way to assess the myofascial interaction is a fascia ultrasound recording. Ultrasound can fol...

    Authors: Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Mauricio Cerda, Rodolfo Sanzana-Cuche, Jaime Martín-Martín and Antonio Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:18

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Balance dysfunction and postural instability in Parkinson’s disease are among the most relevant determinants of an impaired quality of life. Physiotherapy interventions are essential to reduce the level of dis...

    Authors: Asmare Yitayeh and Amare Teshome

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    According to current physical activity guidelines, a substantial percentage of the population in high-income countries is inactive, and inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic conditions and mortali...

    Authors: Claudia C. M. Molema, G. C. Wanda Wendel-Vos, Lisanne Puijk, Jørgen Dejgaard Jensen, A. Jantine Schuit and G. Ardine de Wit

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:15

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the feasibility of executing a randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training (PRT) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

    Authors: Lisa Vizza, Caroline A. Smith, Soji Swaraj, Kingsley Agho and Birinder S. Cheema

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:14

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Arm throwing represents a deciding element in handball. Ball velocity, aim accuracy, and dynamic stability of the shoulder are factors that influence throwing effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to ex...

    Authors: Marília Santos Andrade, Fabiana de Carvalho Koffes, Ana Amélia Benedito-Silva, Antonio Carlos da Silva and Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:13

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH), in the absence of symptoms, is a common clinical finding. The joint instability present due to excessive musculoskeletal flexibility in hypermobile joints impairs the ext...

    Authors: Pranay Jindal, Amitesh Narayan, Sailakshami Ganesan and Joy C. MacDermid

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:12

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  23. Content type: Research article

    There is a need for a patient-relevant instrument to evaluate outcome after treatment in patients with a total Achilles tendon rupture. The purpose of this study was to undertake a cross-cultural adaptation of...

    Authors: Roberto Zambelli, Rafael Z. Pinto, João Murilo Brandão Magalhães, Fernando Araujo Silva Lopes, Rodrigo Simões Castilho, Daniel Baumfeld, Thiago Ribeiro Teles dos Santos and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:11

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-sf) is a validated questionnaire used to assess physical activity (PA) in healthy adults and commonly used in both apparently healthy a...

    Authors: Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran, Odd Mjåland, Svein Mjåland, Stephen Seiler and Sveinung Berntsen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:10

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Aerobic adaptations following interval training are supposed to be mediated by increased local blood supply. However, knowledge is scarce on the detailed relationship between exercise duration and local post-e...

    Authors: Fabian Stöcker, Christoph Von Oldershausen, Florian Kurt Paternoster, Thorsten Schulz and Renate Oberhoffer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:9

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Joint torques are generally of primary importance for clinicians to analyze the effect of a surgery and to obtain an indicator of functional capability to perform a motion. Given the current need to standardiz...

    Authors: Laurent Ballaz, Maxime Raison, Christine Detrembleur, Guillaume Gaudet and Martin Lemay

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:8

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Patients with substance use disorder (SUD) suffer from multiple health and psychosocial problems. Because poor physical capacities following an inactive lifestyle may indeed contribute to these problems, physi...

    Authors: Runar Unhjem, Grete Flemmen, Jan Hoff and Eivind Wang

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:7

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Participation in sport has many health benefits, and is popular amongst children. However participation decreases with age. While the membership records of peak sports organisations have improved markedly in r...

    Authors: Rochelle M. Eime, Jack T. Harvey, Melanie J. Charity, Meghan M. Casey, Hans Westerbeek and Warren R. Payne

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:6

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Achilles tendinopathy is a painful musculoskeletal condition that is common among athletes, and which limits training capacity and competitive performance. The lack of biomarkers for tendinopathy limits resear...

    Authors: James E. Gaida, Håkan Alfredson, Sture Forsgren and Jill L. Cook

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:5

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The ability to generate muscle strength is a pre-requisite for all human movement. Decreased quadriceps muscle strength is frequently observed in older adults and is associated with a decreased performance and...

    Authors: K. W. Douma, G. R. H. Regterschot, W.P. Krijnen, G. E. C. Slager, C. P. van der Schans and W. Zijlstra

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:4

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Time spent sedentary appears to be associated with several health outcomes in adults, but findings are inconsistent in children. Further, the assessment of sedentary time represents a major challenge. The obje...

    Authors: Jarle Stålesen, Frøydis Nordgård Vik, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sveinung Berntsen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:2

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  32. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been shown that conditioning activities consisting of repetitive hops have the potential to induce better drop jump (DJ) performance in recreationally active individuals. In the present pilot...

    Authors: Jakob Kümmel, Julian Bergmann, Olaf Prieske, Andreas Kramer, Urs Granacher and Markus Gruber

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:1

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Cervical and lumbar range of motion limitations are usually associated with musculoskeletal pain in the neck and lower back, and are a major health problem among nurses. Physical exercise has been evaluated as...

    Authors: Tiina Freimann, Eda Merisalu and Mati Pääsuke

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:31

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Recent research suggests that the Feeling Scale (FS) can be used as a method of exercise intensity regulation to maintain a positive affective response during exercise. However, research to date has been carri...

    Authors: Charlotte C. Hamlyn-Williams, Gavin Tempest, Sarah Coombs and Gaynor Parfitt

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:30

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  35. Content type: Research article

    For many patients clinical prescription of walking will be beneficial to health and accelerometers can be used to monitor their walking intensity, frequency and duration over many days. Walking intensity shoul...

    Authors: Anthony Barnett, Ester Cerin, Corneel Vandelanotte, Aya Matsumoto and David Jenkins

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:29

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this paper was to examine differences in ball release speed and throwing kinematics between male and female team-handball players in a standing throw with run-up. Other research has shown that t...

    Authors: Ben Serrien, Ron Clijsen, Jonathan Blondeel, Maggy Goossens and Jean-Pierre Baeyens

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:27

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Optimization of the genetic potential for bone accrual in early life may prevent future fractures. Possible modification factors include lifestyle factors such as nutrition and physical activity. Measured leve...

    Authors: Tore Christoffersen, Anne Winther, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Elaine Dennison and Nina Emaus

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:26

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The ability to perform visually-guided motor tasks requires the transformation of visual information into programmed motor outputs. When the guiding visual information does not align spatially with the motor o...

    Authors: Jeffrey A. Brown, Marc Dalecki, Cindy Hughes, Alison K. Macpherson and Lauren E. Sergio

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:25

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Activity trackers can potentially stimulate users to increase their physical activity behavior. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of ten consumer activity trackers for measuring...

    Authors: Thea J. M. Kooiman, Manon L. Dontje, Siska R. Sprenger, Wim P. Krijnen, Cees P. van der Schans and Martijn de Groot

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:24

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  40. Content type: Research article

    With the advent of smartphones together with their downloadable applications (apps), there is increasing opportunities for doctors, including orthopaedic sports surgeons, to integrate such technology into clin...

    Authors: Seng Juong Wong, Greg A. Robertson, Katie L. Connor, Richard R. Brady and Alexander M. Wood

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:23

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:28

  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Children and adolescents with a chronic disease or physical disability have lower fitness levels compared to their non-disabled peers. Low physical fitness is associated with reduced physical activity, increas...

    Authors: Maremka Zwinkels, Olaf Verschuren, Kristel Lankhorst, Karin van der Ende-Kastelijn, Janke de Groot, Frank Backx, Anne Visser-Meily and Tim Takken

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:22

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Massage is often applied with the intention of improving flexibility or reducing stiffness in musculotendinous tissue. There is, however, a lack of supporting evidence that such mechanical effects occur. The p...

    Authors: Daniel Thomson, Amitabh Gupta, Jesica Arundell and Jack Crosbie

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:21

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Ice swimming for 1 mile and 1 km is a new discipline in open-water swimming since 2009. This study examined female and male performances in swimming 1 mile (‘Ice Mile’) and 1 km (‘1 km Ice event’) in water of ...

    Authors: Beat Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann and Christoph A. Rüst

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:20

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Disability due to acute low back pain (ALBP) runs parallel with distress and physical inactivity. If low back pain persists, this may lead to long-term sick leave and chronic back pain. This prospective random...

    Authors: Patricia Olaya-Contreras, Jorma Styf, Daniel Arvidsson, Karin Frennered and Tommy Hansson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:19

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