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  1. We investigated preoperative physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) in patients scheduled for elective cardiac procedures and compared them with population-based sample of Finnish adults.

    Authors: Sini Vasankari, Juha Hartikainen, Ville Vasankari, Vesa Anttila, Kari Tokola, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Pauliina Husu, Harri Sievänen, Tommi Vasankari and Jari Halonen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:130
  2. The etiology of hamstring strain injury (HSI) in American football is multi-factorial and understanding these risk factors is paramount to developing predictive models and guiding prevention and rehabilitation...

    Authors: Bryan C. Heiderscheit, Silvia S. Blemker, David Opar, Mikel R. Stiffler-Joachim, Asheesh Bedi, Joseph Hart, Brett Mortensen and Stephanie A. Kliethermes
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:128
  3. Squatting exercises are commonly used in rehabilitation for knee joint disorders; in these exercises, control of knee extensor moment is important to enhance training effects and to avoid adverse effects. Ankl...

    Authors: Tomoya Ishida, Mina Samukawa, Satoshi Kasahara and Harukazu Tohyama
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:127
  4. This study was conducted to assess the effect of electromechanical-assisted gait training intensity on walking ability in patients over 3-month post-stroke.

    Authors: Chang Seon Yu, Yeon-Gyo Nam and Bum Sun Kwon
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:126
  5. Concussion in sport is an ongoing global concern. The head injury assessment (HIA) by the field of play is acknowledged as the first step in recognising and identifying concussion. While previous systematic li...

    Authors: Ed Daly, Alan J. Pearce, Emma Finnegan, Ciara Cooney, Maria McDonagh, Grainne Scully, Michael McCann, Rónán Doherty, Adam White, Simon Phelan, Nathan Howarth and Lisa Ryan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:125
  6. Regular physical activity following a lower-limb amputation is essential for maintaining health and a high quality of life. Most adults with a lower-limb amputation, however, participate in insufficient daily ...

    Authors: Mayank Seth, Ryan Todd Pohlig, Gregory Evan Hicks and Jaclyn Megan Sions
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:124
  7. Various studies have used different exercise protocols as post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) stimulus; however, little attention has been given to the effects of exercise range of motion on the PAP...

    Authors: Michał Krzysztofik, Robert Trybulski, Bartosz Trąbka, Dawid Perenc, Konrad Łuszcz, Adam Zajac, Dan Iulian Alexe, Tatiana Dobrescu and Cristina Elena Moraru
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:123
  8. Gut microbiota is considered to have a great impact on human health and disease. While it is widely recognized that the gut microbiota of healthy individuals differs from those with obesity, inflammatory bowel...

    Authors: Hanna Dziewiecka, Harpal S. Buttar, Anna Kasperska, Joanna Ostapiuk–Karolczuk, Małgorzata Domagalska, Justyna Cichoń and Anna Skarpańska-Stejnborn
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:122
  9. There is not a general consensus on the best type of intervention to improve the motor proficiency (MP) of adolescents with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Considering the effect of socio-economic s...

    Authors: Farhad Ghadiri, Wesley O’Brien, Sana Soltani, Marzieh Faraji and Moslem Bahmani
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:121
  10. To date, no studies on the feasibility or outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after percutaneous mitral valve reconstruction using clipping procedures have been published. The aim of this study was to repo...

    Authors: Thomas Schmidt, Marek Kowalski, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens, Frank Ritter, Gerold Mönnig and Nils Reiss
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:120
  11. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of small-sided games (SSGs) and running-based high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the body composition and physical fitness of youth female soccer players.

    Authors: Sinan Nayıroğlu, Ali Kerim Yılmaz, Ana Filipa Silva, Rui Silva, Hadi Nobari and Filipe Manuel Clemente
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:119
  12. Internal oblique muscle strains can develop in professional baseball players, rendering the players unable to continue playing for a certain period. However, the characteristics of this injury are not well kno...

    Authors: Shuro Komatsu, Hironori Kaneko and Masaki Nagashima
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:118
  13. Guidelines recommend regular physical activity (PA) and decreased sedentary time (SED) for patients after myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, valid self-assessment of PA is vital in clinical practice. The p...

    Authors: Amanda Lönn, Lena Viktoria Kallings, Mats Börjesson, Örjan Ekblom and Mattias Ekström
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:117
  14. Sacroiliac joints (SIJs) transmitted trunk load to lower extremities through the lumbopelvis. External compression devices across the SIJs could provide stability to the SIJs. A previous study established that...

    Authors: Tian-zong Huang and Suhn-yeop Kim
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:116
  15. Smoking is the most common substance use disorder among people with mental illness. In contrast to people without mental illness, among whom the proportion of smokers has declined in recent decades, the propor...

    Authors: Stefanie E. Schöttl, Martin Niedermeier, Prisca Kopp-Wilfling, Anika Frühauf, Carina S. Bichler, Monika Edlinger, Bernhard Holzner and Martin Kopp
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:115
  16. Sports science is making an important contribution to health services research and supports the development of tailored interventions, e.g., in nursing settings. Working in elderly care is associated with a hi...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Otto and Bettina Wollesen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:114
  17. The aim of this study was to analyze the shoulder functional profile (rotation range of motion [ROM] and strength), upper and lower body performance, and throwing speed of U13 versus U15 male handball players,...

    Authors: Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, Isidoro Martinez-Martin, Vicente Garcia-Tormo, Alba Herrero-Molleda, David Barbado and Juan Garcia-Lopez
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:113
  18. With the global spread of COVID-19 infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 virus (SARS-CoV-2), all the national and international sports events were ceased early in 2020. The sp...

    Authors: Naushad Ahmad Khan, AbdulWahab Abubaker Al Musleh, Sameer Abdurahiman, Mohammad Asim, Ayman El-Menyar and Hassan Al-Thani
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:112
  19. Specialist police perform high-risk tasks and are required to have, and maintain, a high level of fitness. The aims of this study were to profile the strength of a specialist police unit and to investigate whe...

    Authors: Kimberly A. Talaber, Robin M. Orr, Danny Maupin, Ben Schram, Ksaniel Hasanki, Adam Roberts and Jeremy Robinson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:111
  20. The ability for athletes to gain a competitive advantage over their opponents is well recognised. At times, this advantage may be considered a marginal gain. However, in the context of competition, marginal ad...

    Authors: Daniel J. van den Hoek, Patrick J. Owen, Joel M. Garrett, Robert J. Howells, Joshua Pearson, Jemima G. Spathis and Christopher Latella
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:110
  21. Since cardiorespiratory fitness is an important predictor for all-cause mortality, it is of interest to know if meeting the physical activity (PA) recommendations is associated with higher levels of maximal ox...

    Authors: Elene Mauseth Tangen, Christina Gjestvang, Trine Stensrud and Lene A. H. Haakstad
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:109
  22. Neck pain and disability is a significant public health problem with only very few evidence-based treatment option. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of isometric exercise on pain and disability...

    Authors: Alireza Sadeghi, Mina Rostami, Sahand Ameri, Arezoo Karimi Moghaddam, Zhaleh Karimi Moghaddam and Alireza Zeraatchi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:108
  23. Body temperature fluctuations induced by acute exercise bouts may influence the intestinal barrier with related effects on epithelial permeability, immune responses, and release of metabolites produced by the ...

    Authors: Joanna Karolkiewicz, David C. Nieman, Tomasz Cisoń, Joanna Szurkowska, Mirosława Gałęcka, Dariusz Sitkowski and Zbigniew Szygula
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:107
  24. Current evidence demonstrates that few patients complete anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction rehabilitation according to evidence-based guidelines. It is important to investigate the viewpoints of our pa...

    Authors: Adam Walker, Wayne Hing, Suzanne Gough and Anna Lorimer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:106
  25. The practice of volleyball requires many jumps. During landing, anterior cruciate ligament injuries may occur with high-risk lower limb kinematics and kinetics. Differences in landing strategies between experi...

    Authors: Sébastien Garcia, N. Delattre, E. Berton, G. Divrechy and G. Rao
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:105
  26. Recent advancements in wearable technology have enabled easy measurement of daily activities, potentially applicable in rehabilitation practice for various purposes such as maintaining and increasing patients’...

    Authors: Masahiko Mukaino, Takayuki Ogasawara, Hirotaka Matsuura, Yasushi Aoshima, Takuya Suzuki, Shotaro Furuzawa, Masumi Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Nakashima, Eiichi Saitoh, Shingo Tsukada and Yohei Otaka
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:104
  27. Sports have a focus on increasing participation, which contributes to increasing population levels of physical activity, social cohesion and longevity of the sport. The primary aim of this study was to examine...

    Authors: Katherine B. Owen, Bridget C. Foley, Rochelle Eime, Catriona Rose and Lindsey J. Reece
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:103
  28. This study aimed to examine the effect of Baduanjin exercise on COVID-19-related anxiety, psychological well-being, and the lower back pain of college students during the coronavirus pandemic in China.

    Authors: Keqiang Li, Tamara Walczak-Kozłowska, Mariusz Lipowski, Jianye Li, Daniel Krokosz, Yuying Su, Hongli Yu and Hongying Fan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:102
  29. Persons with cerebral palsy (CP) walk with reduced ankle plantar flexor power compared to typically developing. In this study, we investigated whether a ballistic strength-training programme targeting ankle pl...

    Authors: Beate Eltarvåg Gjesdal, S. Mæland, B. Bogen, K. T. Cumming, V. C. Nesse, S. M. R. Torberntsson and C. B. Rygh
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:101
  30. Orosomucoid (ORM) is a positive acute phase protein verified to be upregulated in various forms of exercise-induced fatigued (EIF) rodents. However, its association with EIF among human beings remained unknown...

    Authors: Yi Ruan, Ke-fa Xiang, Hui-min Zhang, Zhen Qin, Yang Sun, Jing-jing Wan, Wei Gu and Xia Liu
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:100
  31. Between 2012 and 2020, the obesity rate increased among Chinese people aged 18 years and above, along with blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, serum total cholesterol, and triglycerides.

    Authors: Rui Guan, Haijing Li, Yang Jiao and Hong Yu
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:99
  32. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have been increasing significantly over time. The relationship between the ACL injury and the knee joint structures is poorly understood. The purpose of this study is ...

    Authors: Mohammad Hamdan, Bassem Haddad, Mohammad Ali Alshrouf, Muayad I. Azzam, Ula Isleem, Reem Hamasha, Omar M. Albtoush, Muna Tayel Alhusban, Nidaa Mubarak and Saif Aldeen Alryalat
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:98
  33. Information about specific factors of physical function that contribute to psychological readiness is needed to plan rehabilitation for a return to sports. The purpose of this study was to identify specific ph...

    Authors: Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Shunsuke Ohji, Takehiro Ohmi, Sho Mitomo, Hideyuki Koga and Kazuyoshi Yagishita
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:97
  34. Atrophy and muscle weakness is a common problem in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Muscle weakness in severe cases can lead to tetraplegia, reduced or lost tendon reflexes, d...

    Authors: Elham Rahiminezhad, Mehdi Sadeghi, Mehdi Ahmadinejad, Seyed Iman Mirzadi Gohari and Mahlagha Dehghan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:96
  35. Endurance exercise training promotes the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in skeletal muscles. We have previously shown that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups J and K are markers of low res...

    Authors: Jukka M. Kiiskilä, Ilmo E. Hassinen, Johannes Kettunen, Laura Kytövuori, Ilona Mikkola, Pirjo Härkönen, Jari J. Jokelainen, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Markus Perola and Kari Majamaa
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:95
  36. Physiological characteristics of climbers have been extensively studied, while the personality of climbers remains poorly understood. Personality research in sports is an established field, predicting long-ter...

    Authors: Gino Steinmetz, Mara Assman, Jan Hubert and Dominik Saul
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:94
  37. Post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) is a physiological phenomenon that acutely improves voluntary muscular performance following a conditioning activity. A large and growing body of literature has i...

    Authors: Aleksandra Filip-Stachnik, Michał Spieszny, Lidia Stanisz and Michał Krzysztofik
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:93
  38. A number of specific tests are used to standardize competition performance. Specific Judo fitness test (SJFT) can be applied by considering the start of the competition qualifiers in the morning and the contin...

    Authors: Özgür Eken, Filipe Manuel Clemente and Hadi Nobari
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:92
  39. In the rehabilitation and sports science fields, comprehensive assessment of the response to exercise is important for accurately prescribing exercise programs. Lactate is an important energy substrate that is...

    Authors: Satomi Okano, Hitomi Nishizawa, Joya Yui and Akinori Nakamura
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:91
  40. The Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire (LSIQ) is a self-reported measure of clinical instability of the lumbar spine. This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt the LSIQ into Persian language (LSIQ...

    Authors: Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Zahra Abdollahzade, Soofia Naghdi, Mohammad Taghi Beigmohammadi and Mina Kashi-Alashti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:90
  41. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between minutes played (MP) with maturity status, fitness, and hormonal levels, and to quantify their influence on minutes played.

    Authors: Ebrahim Eskandarifard, Hadi Nobari, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Rui Silva, Cain C. T. Clark, Hugo Sarmento and António José Figueiredo
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:89
  42. Ankle orthotics decreases the maximal vertical jump height. It is essential to maximize jump height and minimize ground contact time during athletic performance. However, the effect of ankle orthotics on athle...

    Authors: Masanori Morikawa, Noriaki Maeda, Makoto Komiya, Toshiki Kobayashi and Yukio Urabe
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:88
  43. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 12-week upper/lower split- versus a full-body resistance training program on maximal strength, muscle mass and explosive characteristics. Fifty resistance ...

    Authors: Helene Pedersen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Vegard Moe Iversen, Kristoffer Toldnes Cumming, Susanne Jensen, Atle Hole Saeterbakken and Vidar Andersen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:87
  44. Due to the high postural control demands of sport ju-jitsu, it is likely that long-term sport ju-jitsu training may induce sport-specific adaptations in postural control, especially in positions directly relat...

    Authors: Anna Akbaş, Wojciech Marszałek, Sławomir Drozd, Wojciech Czarny, Paweł Król, Krzysztof Warchoł, Kajetan J. Słomka and Marian Rzepko
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:86
  45. Assessing physical workload is the most important step in deciding whether a workload is high and adopting appropriate control strategies to reduce physical workload. This study aimed to compare physical workl...

    Authors: Farnaz Bagherifard, Hadi Daneshmandi, Mansour Ziaei, Haleh Ghaem, Ruhollah Khoshbakht, Omid Jaberi and Alireza Choobineh
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:85
  46. Performing multiple high-intensity interval training (HIIT) sessions in a compressed period of time (approximately 7–14 days) is called a HIIT shock microcycle (SM) and promises a rapid increase in endurance p...

    Authors: Thomas Leonhard Stöggl, Julia C. Blumkaitis, Tilmann Strepp, Mahdi Sareban, Perikles Simon, Elmo W. I. Neuberger, Thomas Finkenzeller, Natalia Nunes, Lorenz Aglas and Nils Haller
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:84
  47. Handball is a high-intensity game, during which players run, change directions with or without the ball, interact with the opponent and make different decisions in both offensive and defensive actions. Players...

    Authors: Maciej Śliż, Karolina H. Przednowek, Paweł Kapuściński, Bartosz Dziadek, Łukasz Godek, Krzysztof Warchoł, Janusz Zieliński and Krzysztof Przednowek
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:83
  48. The aims of this study were to (1) determine the match technical and running performance required by different teams based on their final ranking position in a professional soccer league; and (2) analyze the c...

    Authors: Marcin Andrzejewski, José M. Oliva-Lozano, Paweł Chmura, Jan Chmura, Sławomir Czarniecki, Edward Kowalczuk, Andrzej Rokita, José M. Muyor and Marek Konefał
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:82
  49. Low back pain (LBP) is a common symptom in classical ballet dancers, which can limit their daily activities and dance training routines. The purpose of the study was to verify the association and comparison of...

    Authors: Brenda Luciano de Souza, Patricia Colombo de Souza and Ana Paula Ribeiro
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:81
  50. Summer alpine sports, including mountain biking, hiking and airborne pursuits, have experienced a recent surge in popularity. Accordingly, trauma associated with these activities has increased. There is a scar...

    Authors: Sebastian Frederick Bigdon, Verena Hecht, Paul Gilbert Fairhurst, Moritz C. Deml, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Christoph E. Albers
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:79

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