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  1. To investigate the time-course effects of a self-regulated training session (performed at an rating perceived exertion of 6/10), all-out session, and a control session on the metabolic, hormonal, and brain der...

    Authors: Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Ivo Vieira de Sousa Neto, Nuno Manuel Frade de Sousa, Wellington Martins dos Santos, Jonato Prestes, João Henrique Falk Neto, Fábio H. Dominski, Michael D. Kennedy and Fabricio Azevedo Voltarelli
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:22
  2. Sleep disorders are one of the most common and annoying problems among patients with heart failure, which decrease their quality of life. Participation in physical activity is one of the most effective methods...

    Authors: Fatemeh Esnaasharieh, Mahlagha Dehghan and Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:20
  3. Face masks are an effective, non-pharmacological strategy to reduce the transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 and other pathogens. However, it is a challenge to keep masks sealed duri...

    Authors: Hoi Lam Ng, Johannes Trefz, Martin Schönfelder and Henning Wackerhage
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:19
  4. Despite the proven benefits of exercise rehabilitation for numerous health conditions, musculoskeletal injuries and recovery from surgery, patient adherence to such programs is reported to often be less than 3...

    Authors: Junsheng L. Teo, Zhen Zheng and Stephen R. Bird
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:18
  5. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can cause severe physical impairment and a reduced quality of life, and there is limited evidence for any effective intervention. Aerobic exercise may be beneficial for improving symp...

    Authors: Hui Ye, Heng Weng, Yue Xu, Lulu Wang, Qing Wang and Guihua Xu
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:17
  6. Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases during childhood, adolescence and older ages. The purpose of the study was to investigate associations between ...

    Authors: Garyfallia Pepera, Savvas Hadjiandrea, Ilias Iliadis, Gavin R. H. Sandercock and Ladislav Batalik
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:16
  7. This study compares ball in play (BiP) analyses and both whole game (WG) and quarter averaged data for physical and technical demands of sub-elite Australian football (AF) players competing in the West Austral...

    Authors: Christopher Wing, Nicolas H. Hart, Fadi Ma’ayah and Kazunori Nosaka
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:15
  8. Trunk flexion is a common exercise during daily activities. Flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) occurs during forward bending in which there is a sudden silence of erector spinae (ES) muscles. The pattern of f...

    Authors: Marzyeh Ramezani, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad, Alireza Motealleh and Mohsen Ghofrani-Jahromi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:14
  9. Previous research indicates the high relevance of optimal joint angles for individual isometric strength assessment. The objective was to compare lower limb peak isometric muscle strength abilities at the stro...

    Authors: Andreas Stotz, Ebrahem Maghames, Joel Mason, Andreas Groll and Astrid Zech
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:13
  10. Knee injuries in the lower limbs frequently occur, and lower limb muscles need to be strengthened to reduce injuries. Activating muscles can help strengthen muscles.. This study aimed to determine the squat ex...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Lee, Soojin Kim, Jihye Heo, Dong-Ho Park and Eunwook Chang
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:12
  11. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may prevent muscle atrophy, accelerate rehabilitation and enhance blood circulation. Yet, one major drawback is that patient compliance is impeded by the discomfort ...

    Authors: J. Flodin, R. Juthberg and P. W. Ackermann
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:11
  12. Improving the quality of functional movements in athletes generally requires additional training targeting specific functional deficiencies. However, well-rounded, traditional strength and conditioning program...

    Authors: Dimitrije Kovac, Zarko Krkeljas and Ranel Venter
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:10
  13. Knowledge on the relationship between fitness center use and long-term members’ subsequent goal achievement is limited. Therefore, the aim was to investigate the prospective association between the use of fitn...

    Authors: Liv Riseth, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Torunn Hatlen Nøst and Aslak Steinsbekk
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:9
  14. For most patients, tennis elbow (TE) resolves within 6 months of onset. For those with persistent and painful TE, nonsurgical treatment options are limited. Thousands of studies have tried to find effective tr...

    Authors: Gershon Zinger, Alexander Bregman, Ori Safran, Shaul Beyth and Amos Peyser
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:8
  15. Exercise-induced muscle damage typically caused by unaccustomed exercise results in pain, soreness, inflammation, and muscle and liver damages. Antioxidant supplementation might be a useful approach to reduce ...

    Authors: Vahid Parvizi Mastali, Rastegar Hoseini and Mohammad Azizi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:7
  16. The physiological effects of physical exercise are ubiquitously reported as beneficial to the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems. Exercise is widely promoted by medical professionals to aid both physic...

    Authors: Sophie Docherty, Rachael Harley, Joseph J. McAuley, Lindsay A. N. Crowe, Carles Pedret, Paul D. Kirwan, Stefan Siebert and Neal L. Millar
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:5
  17. The aim of the investigation was to compare the occurrence of post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) after drop jumps, or heavy sled towing, and the subsequent effect on repeated sprint ability (RSA).

    Authors: Alessandro M. Zagatto, Gabriel M. Claus, Yago M. Dutra, Rodrigo A. de Poli, Vithor H. F. Lopes, Stuart Goodall, Irineu Loturco and Daniel Boullosa
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:4
  18. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two competitive field hockey matches, played on consecutive days, on maximal isometric hip adductor and abductor strength, wellness and fatigue.

    Authors: Violeta Sánchez-Migallón, Álvaro López-Samanes, Juan Del Coso, Archit Navandar, Per Aagaard and Víctor Moreno-Pérez
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:3
  19. Success at the elite level in sport is often attributed to physical prowess, technical skill, and mental attitude. However, underpinning these factors are various lifestyle, support and social factors that may...

    Authors: Lauren Burns, Juanita R. Weissensteiner, Marc Cohen and Stephen R. Bird
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:2
  20. Water jumping exercise is an alternative method to achieve maintenance of bone health and reduce exercise injuries. Clarifying the ground reaction force (GRF) of moderate and high cardiopulmonary exercise inte...

    Authors: Kuei-Yu Chien, Wei-Gang Chang, Wan-Chin Chen and Rong-Jun Liou
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:1
  21. Single-limb stance is a demanding postural task featuring a high number of daily living and sporting activities. Thus, it is widely used for training and rehabilitation, as well as for balance assessment. Musc...

    Authors: L. Labanca, M. Ghislieri, M. Knaflitz, G. Barone, L. Bragonzoni, V. Agostini and M. G. Benedetti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:163
  22. The benefits of resistance training for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are well documented; however, the effects of exercise with different muscle contraction types such as eccentric versus concentric con...

    Authors: Christine Kudiarasu, Wafina Rohadhia, Yoshihiro Katsura, Tomoko Koeda, Favil Singh and Kazunori Nosaka
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:162
  23. To propose cut-off points for older adults’ weakness for upper and lower limbs muscle strength normalized by body size with the ratio standard/muscle quality and allometric scaling.

    Authors: Pedro Pugliesi Abdalla, Lucimere Bohn, Leonardo Santos Lopes da Silva, André Pereira dos Santos, Marcio Fernando Tasinafo Junior, Ana Claudia Rossini Venturini, Anderson dos Santos Carvalho, David Martinez Gomez, Jorge Mota and Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:161
  24. Power bursts of hips and ankle plantar flexors are prerequisites to walking propulsion. However, these power bursts are reduced during gait for persons with cerebral palsy (CP) and mainly in the ankle plantar ...

    Authors: Beate Eltarvåg Gjesdal, Silje Mæland, Gavin Williams, Mona Kristin Aaslund, Cecilie Brekke Rygh and Kristoffer Toldnes Cumming
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:160
  25. Musculoskeletal injuries account for 10 million work-limited days per year and often lead to both acute and/or chronic pain, and increased chances of re-injury or permanent disability. Conservative treatment o...

    Authors: Sandra L. Winkler, Anthony E. Urbisci and Thomas M. Best
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:159
  26. To handle the competition demands, sparring drills are used for specific technical–tactical training as well as physical–physiological conditioning in combat sports. While the effects of different area sizes a...

    Authors: Ibrahim Ouergui, Slaheddine Delleli, Anissa Bouassida, Ezdine Bouhlel, Helmi Chaabene, Luca Paolo Ardigò and Emerson Franchini
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:158
  27. The aim of this study was to analyse the physical demands and technical-tactical actions for each playing position according to game location and final outcome in professional soccer players.

    Authors: Adrián Díez, Demetrio Lozano, Jose Luis Arjol-Serrano, Elena Mainer-Pardos, Daniel Castillo, Marcelino Torrontegui-Duarte, Hadi Nobari, Diego Jaén-Carrillo and Miguel Lampre
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:157
  28. The purpose of the present study was to examine the ability of a submaximal cycling test to detect longitudinal changes in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and examine the conformity between changes in measured and...

    Authors: Frida Björkman, Örjan Ekblom, Elin Ekblom-Bak and Tony Bohman
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:156
  29. The coach attitude impacts the whole mind and body system of a child athlete from emotional and motivational aspects to motor skills like motor coordination. It translates into the ability to control and stabi...

    Authors: D. Wilczyńska, A. Łysak-Radomska, M. Podczarska-Głowacka, K. Krasowska, E. Perzanowska, A. Walentukiewicz, M. Lipowski and W. Skrobot
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:155
  30. As combat sports are classified by body mass, many athletes engage in rapid weight loss (RWL) prior to competition so they can gain an advantage over lighter opponents. Following the weigh-in, athletes engage ...

    Authors: Nemanja Lakicevic, Diba Mani, Antonio Paoli, Roberto Roklicer, Antonino Bianco and Patrik Drid
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:154
  31. Patient-centered care and evidence-based practice (EBP) are core competencies for health care professionals. The importance of EBP has led to an increase in research involving clinical outcomes; current recomm...

    Authors: Madeline P. Casanova, Megan C. Nelson, Michael A. Pickering, Lindsay W. Larkins, Karen M. Appleby, Emma J. Grindley and Russell T. Baker
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:153
  32. Dynamic knee valgus (DKV) is a common lower extremity movement disorder among females. This study aimed to investigate kinematic couplings between lower extremity joints in female junior athletes with DKV duri...

    Authors: Mahdis Dadfar, Rahman Sheikhhoseini, Mohadeseh Jafarian and Alireza Esmaeili
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:152
  33. Standard endurance training used from the second stage of cardiac rehabilitation has many common features with indoor cycling training which is used in fitness clubs. In the study, an attempt was made to evalu...

    Authors: Dagmara Gloc, Zbigniew Nowak, Agata Nowak-Lis, Tomasz Gabryś, Urszula Szmatlan-Gabrys, Peter Valach and Anna Pilis
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:151
  34. The aim of this study is to determine and to compare the effect of sex differences in percentage of body fat on the strength and power performances of the legs and arms during short maximal exercise.

    Authors: Ghassen Ben Mansour, Asma Kacem, Mohamed Ishak, Laurent Grélot and Foued Ftaiti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:150
  35. Anterior cruciate ligament injury arises when the knee anterior ligament fibers are stretched, partially torn, or completely torn. Operated patients either end up re-injuring their reconstructed anterior cruci...

    Authors: Balázs Sonkodi, Endre Varga, László Hangody, Gyula Poór and István Berkes
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:149
  36. Patients with lower extremity problems (LEP) commonly experience functional loss, pain, decreased range of motion, inadequacy in daily living activities, and structural change in radiographic evaluations. Howe...

    Authors: Youngha Kim, Danbee Kang, Eunjee Kang, Jihyun Lim, Sooyeon Kim, Heesu Nam, Sungkeun Shim, Mangyeong Lee, Young-Wan Moon, Seung-Jae Lim, Ki-Sun Sung and Juhee Cho
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:148
  37. Among athletes, bodybuilders are more predisposed to the use of dietary supplements (DS) and hormones (H) to increase in adaptations to physical training and performance. The purpose of the study was to identi...

    Authors: Paolo Montuori, Ilaria Loperto, Carmine Paolo, Davide Castrianni, Raffaele Nubi, Elvira De Rosa, Raffaele Palladino and Maria Triassi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:147
  38. It is known that amenorrhea is highly prevalent among female athletes. However, a large percentage of them do not seek help if this complaint occurs. We performed this study to gain more insight into the reaso...

    Authors: Saskia J. Verhoef, Merel C. Wielink, Edwin A. Achterberg, Marlies Y. Bongers and Simone M. T. A. Goossens
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:146
  39. This study aims to determine and compare the effects of exercise modalities with different intensities on the secretion of key inflammation and hypoxia markers in amateur athletes.

    Authors: Fatih Baygutalp, Yusuf Buzdağlı, Murat Ozan, Mitat Koz, Nurcan Kılıç Baygutalp and Gökhan Atasever
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:145
  40. The study aimed to assess whether intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) and intermittent negative pressure (INP) would attenuate the muscle damaging effects of eccentric exercise.

    Authors: Szczepan Wiecha, Martyna Jarocka, Paweł Wiśniowski, Maciej Cieśliński, Szymon Price, Bartłomiej Makaruk, Jadwiga Kotowska, Dorota Drabarek, Igor Cieśliński and Tomasz Sacewicz
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:144
  41. Reliable and valid instruments are needed to estimate physical activity levels. The purposes of this study were to estimate the reliability and validity of the Physical Activity Questionnaire (MTPAQ) in a subs...

    Authors: C. Medina, A. Monge, M. Romero, R. López-Ridaura, S. Barquera, I. Romieu, E. Denova-Gutiérrez and M. Lajous
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:143
  42. Adequate neuromuscular control of the knee could be one element to prevent secondary injuries after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. To assess neuromuscular control in terms of time, amplitude and a...

    Authors: Angela Blasimann, Irene Koenig, Isabel Baert, Heiner Baur and Dirk Vissers
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:142
  43. Handball is characterised by repetitive passing and shooting actions mainly performed with the throwing arm. This can lead to side differences (inter-limb asymmetry) in upper quarter mobility/stability between...

    Authors: Julian Bauer, Stefan Panzer and Thomas Muehlbauer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:141
  44. Intermuscular synchronization constitutes one of the key aspects of effective sport performance and activities of daily living. The aim of the study was to assess the synchronization of trunk stabilizer muscle...

    Authors: Monika Błaszczyszyn, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Katarzyna Piechota, Krzysztof Kręcisz and Dariusz Zmarzły
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:140
  45. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the effectiveness of early cardiac rehabilitation on patients with heart failure following acute myocardial infarction.

    Authors: He Cai, Pengyu Cao, Wenqian Zhou, Wanqing Sun, Xinying Zhang, Rongyu Li, Wangshu Shao, Lin Wang, Lin Zou and Yang Zheng
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:139
  46. Recreational running has greatly increased over the last decade, and different research has tried to understand the motivation that leads these amateur athletes to run. However, most research has focused on ad...

    Authors: Patxi León-Guereño, Héctor Galindo-Domínguez, Eneko Balerdi-Eizmendi, Mateusz Rozmiarek and Ewa Malchrowicz-Mośko
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:138
  47. In current sports science, the important role of sleep quality for health and peak performance is well acknowledged. More precisely, it is evident that the negative combination of stressful factors, low resour...

    Authors: Kristina Klier, Selina Dörr and Annette Schmidt
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:137
  48. There is insufficient physical activity among women. Yet the implementation of effective, multilevel, and evidence-based interventions may address this. Since the lifestyle of individuals is formed in many dif...

    Authors: Leila Amiri-Farahani, Soroor Parvizy, Eesa Mohammadi, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Ziba Taghizadeh and Sally Pezaro
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:135
  49. Increased engagement of adolescents in martial arts exposes them to a relatively high risk of experiencing orofacial injuries. We evaluated self-reported experience of orofacial injuries, preventive practice, ...

    Authors: Ali Esmaeilpoor, Simin Z. Mohebbi, Navid Moghadam, Mina Ahmadian, Samaneh Razeghi and Mohammad R. Khami
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:134

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