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  1. A young female athlete suffered from the residual instability of the knee after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring autograft. The 3-dimensional (3-D) CT scan showed the "high noon" ...

    Authors: So Kato, Atsushi Fukai, Hideki Takeda, Shuji Taketomi, Shuichi Nakayama, Jinso Hirota, Kohei Nakajima, Kozo Nakamura and Takumi Nakagawa

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:26

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The clinical evaluation of the knee is a fundamental tool to correctly address diagnosis and treatment, and should never be replaced by the findings retrieved by the imaging studies carried on the patient.

    Authors: Roberto Rossi, Federico Dettoni, Matteo Bruzzone, Umberto Cottino, Davide G D'Elicio and Davide E Bonasia

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:25

    Content type: Current concept

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  3. Falls remain a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. It is suggested that backward walking (BW) may offer some benefits especially in balance and motor control ability beyond those experienced thro...

    Authors: Wei-Ya Hao and Yan Chen

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:24

    Content type: Research

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  4. Biomechanics investigation on soccer kicking has a relatively long history, yet the body of knowledge is still small. This paper reviews articles published from 1960s to 2011, summarizing relevant findings, re...

    Authors: Gongbing Shan and Xiang Zhang

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:23

    Content type: Current concept

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  5. Work urgency, accuracy and demands compel the computer professionals to spend longer hours before computers without giving importance to their health, especially body weight. Increase of body weight leads to i...

    Authors: Jasobanta Sethi, Jaspal Singh Sandhu and Vijay Imbanathan

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  6. There is no report of athroscopic treatment for septic arthritis of the ankle in infants. We report a case of successful management of septic arthritis of the ankle in a three-month-old boy by arthroscopic washou...

    Authors: Tetsuo Hagino, Masanori Wako and Satoshi Ochiai

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:21

    Content type: Case report

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  7. We herein describe a surgical technique for the repair of complete tear of the pectoralis major (PM) tendon using endobuttons to strengthen initial fixation.

    Authors: Yoshiyasu Uchiyama, Seiji Miyazaki, Tetsuro Tamaki, Eiji Shimpuku, Akiyoshi Handa, Hiroko Omi and Joji Mochida

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  8. To summarise the available evidence for the efficacy of neuromuscular training in enhancing sensorimotor and functional deficits in subjects with chronic ankle instability (CAI).

    Authors: Jeremiah O'Driscoll and Eamonn Delahunt

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:19

    Content type: Review

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  9. Knowledge of normal muscle characteristics is crucial in planning rehabilitation programmes for injured athletes. There is a high incidence of ankle and anterior tibial symptoms in football players, however li...

    Authors: Karen McCreesh and Sinead Egan

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  10. Principles for the treatment of tibial intercondylar eminence fracture are early reduction and stable fixation. Numerous ways to treatment of this fracture have been invented. We designed a simple, low-invasiv...

    Authors: Satoshi Ochiai, Tetsuo Hagino, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Shinya Senga and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  11. The literature indicated that the majority of professional ballet dancers present static and active dynamic range of motion difference between left and right lower limbs, however, no previous study focused thi...

    Authors: Erica E Valenti, Vitor E Valenti, Celso Ferreira, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Oseas F Moura Filho, Tatiana Dias de Carvalho, Nadir Tassi, Marcio Petenusso, Claudio Leone, Edison N Fujiki, Hugo Macedo Junior, Carlos B de Mello Monteiro, Isadora L Moreno, Ana Clara CR Gonçalves and Luiz Carlos de Abreu

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:16

    Content type: Research

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  12. This study was performed to investigate the effects of different strategies and initial tension applied to each one of the bundles, antero-medial (AM) and postero-lateral (PL), on clinical outcome in double bu...

    Authors: Takeshi Muneta, Hideyuki Koga, Young-Jin Ju, Kazuyoshi Yagishita and Ichiro Sekiya

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  13. Some research studies have investigated the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs on knee kinematics during landing tasks; however the results were different among the studies....

    Authors: Yasuharu Nagano, Hirofumi Ida, Masami Akai and Toru Fukubayashi

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  14. Ankle joint sprain and the subsequent development of chronic ankle instability (CAI) are commonly encountered by clinicians involved in the treatment and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries. It has rece...

    Authors: Jeremiah O'Driscoll, Fearghal Kerin and Eamonn Delahunt

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:13

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Shock absorbing insoles are effective in reducing the magnitude and rate of loading of peak impact forces generated at foot strike during running, whereas the foot impact force during running has been consider...

    Authors: Kamal Janakiraman, Shweta Shenoy and Jaspal Singh Sandhu

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  16. Complex cartilage lesions of the knee including large cartilage defects, kissing lesions, and osteoarthritis (OA) represent a common problem in orthopaedic surgery and a challenging task for the orthopaedic su...

    Authors: Christian Ossendorf, Matthias R Steinwachs, Peter C Kreuz, Georg Osterhoff, Andreas Lahm, Pascal P Ducommun and Christoph Erggelet

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:11

    Content type: Research

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  17. Full thickness articular cartilage defects have limited regenerative potential and are a significant source of pain and loss of knee function. Numerous treatment options exist, each with their own advantages a...

    Authors: Matthias Jacobi, Vincent Villa, Robert A Magnussen and Philippe Neyret

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:10

    Content type: Review

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  18. Static stretching may result in various strength and power deficiencies. Prior research has not determined, however, if static stretching causes a change in muscle activation during a functional task requiring...

    Authors: Wesley R Moss, J Brent Feland, Iain Hunter and J Ty Hopkins

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:9

    Content type: Research

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  19. A rare case of multilevel transverse process stress fractures as a cause of low back ache in a professional cricket player has been presented. The report discusses the possible mechanism of such an injury in a...

    Authors: Kamal Bali, Vishal Kumar, Vibhu Krishnan, Dharm Meena and Saurabh Rawall

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:8

    Content type: Case report

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  20. One major concern in the treatment of ACL lesions in children and adolescents with open physes is the risk of iatrogenic damage to the physes and a possibly resulting growth disturbance.

    Authors: Christian Mauch, Markus P Arnold, André Wirries, Ralph R Mayer, Niklaus F Friederich and Michael T Hirschmann

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  21. The extended knee lateral midpatellar portal for intraarticular injection of the knee is accurate but is not practical for all patients. We hypothesized that a modified anteriolateral portal where the synovial...

    Authors: Colbert E Chavez-Chiang, Wilmer L Sibbitt Jr, Philip A Band, Natalia R Chavez-Chiang, Suzanne L DeLea and Arthur D Bankhurst

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:6

    Content type: Research

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  22. We report the 8-year clinical and radiographic outcome of an adolescent patient with a large osteochondral defect of the lateral femoral condyle, and ipsilateral genu valgum secondary to an epiphyseal injury, ...

    Authors: Sridhar Vijayan and George Bentley

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:5

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Data on the incidence, nature, severity and cause of match football injuries sustained on dirt field are scarce. The objectives of this study was to compare the incidence, nature, severity and cause of match i...

    Authors: Ramin Kordi, Farajollah Hemmati, Hamid Heidarian and Vahid Ziaee

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:3

    Content type: Research

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  24. Contracture of the coracohumeral ligament is reported to restrict external rotation of the shoulder with arm at the side and restrict posterior-inferior shift of the humeral head. The contracture is supposed t...

    Authors: Tomoki Izumi, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Yoshitaka Tanaka, Eiichi Uchiyama, Daisuke Suzuki, Shigenori Miyamoto and Mineko Fujimiya

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:2

    Content type: Research

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  25. Shoulder muscle fatigue has been proposed as a possible link to explain the association between repetitive arm use and the development of rotator cuff disorders. To our knowledge, no standardized clinical endu...

    Authors: Jean-Sébastien Roy, Bryan Ma, Joy C MacDermid and Linda J Woodhouse

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2011 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  26. Our understanding of the pathogenesis of "tendinopathy" is based on fragmented evidences like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. We propose a "failed healing theory" to knit these fragments together, which can explain...

    Authors: Sai-Chuen Fu, Christer Rolf, Yau-Chuk Cheuk, Pauline PY Lui and Kai-Ming Chan

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:30

    Content type: Review

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  27. Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee is common. Following complete rupture of the ACL, insufficient re-vascularization of the ligament prevents it from healing completely, creating a need...

    Authors: Zuzana Machotka, Ian Scarborough, Will Duncan, Saravana Kumar and Luke Perraton

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:29

    Content type: Review

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  28. The latest version of the navigation system for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has the supplementary ability to assess knee stability before and after ACL reconstruction. In this study, we com...

    Authors: Yuji Yamamoto, Yasuyuki Ishibashi, Eiichi Tsuda, Harehiko Tsukada, Shugo Maeda and Satoshi Toh

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:27

    Content type: Research

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  29. Knee flexion contractures have been associated with increased pain and a reduced ability to perform activities of daily living. Contractures can be treated either surgically or conservatively, but these treatm...

    Authors: Amanda L Dempsey, Thomas P Branch, Timothy Mills and Robert M Karsch

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  30. Arthroscopic partial menisectomy followed by cyst decompression is currently recommended for treatment of a meniscal cyst. However, it is doubtful whether partial menisectomy should be performed on cysts commu...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Ohishi, Eiji Torikai, Daisuke Suzuki, Tomohiro Banno and Yosuke Honda

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:25

    Content type: Case report

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  31. With the presented case we strive to introduce combined single photon emission computerized tomography and conventional computer tomography (SPECT/CT) as new diagnostic imaging modality and illustrate the poss...

    Authors: Michael T Hirschmann, Tom Adler, Helmut Rasch, Rolf W Hügli, Niklaus F Friederich and Markus P Arnold

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:24

    Content type: Case report

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  32. We present an instructive case of habitual left patellar dislocation in which the patella had appeared odd due to lateral tilt relative to contralateral side, but had been radiologically confirmed to be on the...

    Authors: Satoshi Ohki, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Eiki Nomura, Hidenori Tanikawa, Yasuo Niki, Hideo Matsumoto, Yoshiaki Toyama and Yasunori Suda

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:23

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Lateral epicondylitis is a common sports injury of the elbow caused due to altered muscle activation during repetitive wrist extension in many athletic and non-athletic endeavours. The amount of muscle activit...

    Authors: Arti S Bhargava, Charu Eapen and Senthil P Kumar

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:22

    Content type: Research

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  34. Discoid menisci on both medial and lateral tibial plateau are very rare abnormalities. We report a 44-year-old woman with bilateral medial and lateral discoid menisci. She also had anomalous insertion of disco...

    Authors: Sung-Jae Kim and Andri MT Lubis

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:21

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Tendon and ligaments have poor healing capacity and when injured often require surgical intervention. Tissue replacement via autografts and allografts are non-ideal strategies that can lead to future problems....

    Authors: Catherine K Kuo, Joseph E Marturano and Rocky S Tuan

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:20

    Content type: Review

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  36. Previous events evidence that sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes is still a reality and it keeps challenging cardiologists. Considering the importance of SCD in athletes and the requisite for an update of ...

    Authors: Marcelo Ferreira, Paulo Roberto Santos-Silva, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Vitor E Valenti, Vanessa Crispim, Caio Imaizumi, Celso Ferreira Filho, Neif Murad, Adriano Meneghini, Andrés R Pérez Riera, Tatiana Dias de Carvalho, Luiz Carlos Marques Vanderlei, Erica E Valenti, José R Cisternas, Oseas F Moura Filho and Celso Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:19

    Content type: Review

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  37. Gluteus medius (GM) dysfunction is associated with many musculoskeletal disorders. Rehabilitation exercises aimed at strengthening GM appear to improve lower limb kinematics and reduce pain. However, there is ...

    Authors: Kieran O'Sullivan, Sharon M Smith and David Sainsbury

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  38. Cells in the musculoskeletal system are subjected to various mechanical forces in vivo. Years of research have shown that these mechanical forces, including tension and compression, greatly influence various cell...

    Authors: James HC Wang and Bin Li

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:16

    Content type: Review

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  39. Untreated chronic shoulder dislocation eventually leads to functional disability and pain. Open reduction with different fixation methods have been introduced for most chronic shoulder dislocation. We hypothes...

    Authors: Alireza Rouhani and Amirmohammad Navali

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:15

    Content type: Research

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  40. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinetic characteristics of compensatory backward descending movement performed by patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Authors: Masaki Hasegawa, Takaaki Chin, Sadaaki Oki, Shusaku Kanai, Koji Shimatani and Tomoaki Shimada

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:14

    Content type: Research

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  41. The purpose of the present study was to examine the differential effect of core stability exercise training and conventional physiotherapy regime on altered postural control parameters in patients with chronic...

    Authors: Ramprasad Muthukrishnan, Shweta D Shenoy, Sandhu S Jaspal, Shankara Nellikunja and Svetlana Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  42. Ligaments and tendons are dense connective tissues that are important in transmitting forces and facilitate joint articulation in the musculoskeletal system. Their injury frequency is high especially for those...

    Authors: Shan-Ling Hsu, Rui Liang and Savio LY Woo

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:12

    Content type: Review

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  43. The study was conducted to assess whether patient-specific functional impairment and experienced daily disability improved after treatment to address active movement control of the low back.

    Authors: Hannu Luomajoki, Jan Kool, Eling D de Bruin and Olavi Airaksinen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:11

    Content type: Research

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  44. We report a case of intra-articular angiolipoma of the knee. This case report describes our experience in excising an intra-articular angiolipoma of the knee joint. Complete resection under arthroscopy was per...

    Authors: Makoto Nishimori, Masataka Deie, Nobuo Adachi, Atsushi Kanaya, Atsuo Nakamae and Mitsuo Ochi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:10

    Content type: Case report

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  45. A 56-year-old man presented with a two month history of increasing anterior knee pain without previous trauma. As usual we recommended physiotherapy with stretching exercises of the quadriceps muscle. Since sy...

    Authors: Maurice Balke, Nicolas Dedy, Jonas Mueller-Huebenthal, Dennis Liem, Jendrik Hardes and Juergen Hoeher

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:9

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Tasks chosen to evaluate motor performance should reflect the movement deficits characteristic of the target population and present an appropriate challenge for the patients who would be evaluated. A reaching ...

    Authors: Jean-Sébastien Roy, Hélène Moffet, Bradford J McFadyen and Joy C MacDermid

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  47. Incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in young female basketball players is higher than that in male basketball players. Graft retears are more frequent with the increasing number of ACL recon...

    Authors: Yoshinari Tanaka, Yasukazu Yonetani, Yoshiki Shiozaki, Takuya Kitaguchi, Nozomi Sato, Shinya Takeshita and Shuji Horibe

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010 2:7

    Content type: Research

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