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  1. Frequent dieting is common in athletes attempting to achieve a body composition perceived to improve performance. Excessive dieting may indicate disordered eating (DE) behaviors and can result in clinical eati...

    Authors: Austin J. Graybeal, Andreas Kreutzer, Jada L. Willis, Robyn Braun-Trocchio, Kamiah Moss and Meena Shah
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:157
  2. This study examined the contextual factors associated with psychological need satisfaction (PNS) and the predictability of the PNS components, together with the contextual factors, on the developmental outcome...

    Authors: Tefera Tadesse, Aemero Asmamaw, Sirak H/Mariam and Beshir Edo
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:156
  3. Knowledge regarding adherence is necessary to improve the specificity of exercise interventions during cancer treatment. We aimed to determine adherence to resistance and endurance training interventions in pa...

    Authors: Hannah L. Brooke, Anne-Sophie Mazzoni, Laurien M. Buffart, Sveinung Berntsen, Karin Nordin and Ingrid Demmelmaier
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:155
  4. Prior to exercise, a warm-up routine has been suggested to be an imperative factor in task readiness with the anticipation that it will enhance performance. One of the key benefits of a warm-up is the increase...

    Authors: Gavin Cowper, Stuart Goodall, Kirsty Hicks, Louise Burnie and Marc Briggs
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:154
  5. The aim of the study was to check the changes in the level of physical fitness and body composition after a directed training process in cadets—pilots, in relation to control group.

    Authors: Adam Prokopczyk and Zbigniew Wochyński
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:153
  6. 3 × 3 basketball games are characterized by high-intensity accelerations and decelerations, and a high number of changes of direction and jumps. It is played in tournament form with multiple games per day. The...

    Authors: C. Willberg, B. Wieland, L. Rettenmaier, M. Behringer and K. Zentgraf
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:152
  7. Research focuses heavily upon the effect of strength and power training on change of direction performance. The objective of this scoping review is to highlight alternative approaches to training change of dir...

    Authors: Robert Buhmann, Max Stuelcken and Mark Sayers
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:151
  8. The association of the reactive strength index (RSI) during single-limb vertical continuous jumps (SVCJs) with single-limb hop tests in athletes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is unclea...

    Authors: Kenji Hirohata, Junya Aizawa, Takehiro Ohmi, Shunsuke Ohji, Sho Mitomo, Toshiyuki Ohara, Hideyuki Koga, Kazuyoshi Yagishita, Tetsuya Jinno and Atsushi Okawa
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:150
  9. A significant challenge that non-elite collegiate triathletes encounter during competition is the decline in running performance immediately after cycling. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine...

    Authors: J. A. Stewart, E. K. Merritt, D. E. Lidstone, J. M. McBride and K. A. Zwetsloot
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:149
  10. Popularity of rock climbing is steadily increasing. With its inclusion in the Olympic Games this will likely continue. Injuries from rock climbing are also increasing. The most common injury is to the flexor p...

    Authors: Robin Larsson, Lena Nordeman and Christina Blomdahl
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:148
  11. Both aerobic exercise and whey protein can improve glucose regulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate how a single bout of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise and whey protein, independently, as ...

    Authors: Ryan A. Gordon, Emily L. Zumbro, Todd J. Castleberry, Matthew L. Sokoloski, Matthew F. Brisebois, Christopher J. Irvine, Anthony A. Duplanty and Vic Ben-Ezra
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:147
  12. The aim of this study was (i) provide reference data of metabolic power-based measures during professional football matches; and to (ii) analyze the between-position and between-halves differences of power-bas...

    Authors: Zeki Akyildiz, Erhan Çene, Coşkun Parim, Onat Çetin, Çağatay Turan, Yılmaz Yüksel, Rui Silva, Ana Filipa Silva and Hadi Nobari
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:146
  13. The aim of this study was to analyze incidences and sport-specific injury patterns among users of a bodyweight-based training method instructed by a smartphone app (Freeletics Bodyweight App).

    Authors: G. Hertel, A. Hochrein, C. Suren, P. Minzlaff, I. J. Banke, J. Willers, R. von Eisenhart-Rothe and P. M. Prodinger
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:145
  14. Sixty million golfers around the world play golf. Golf injuries are most frequently located in the spine, elbow, wrist, hand and shoulder. Those injuries are often seen in golfers with more playing hours and s...

    Authors: S. Gladdines, A. L. von Gerhardt, E. Verhagen, A. Beumer and D. Eygendaal
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:144
  15. Both able-bodied and Class 7 para-table tennis players compete while standing, but do they use the same techniques to hit the ball? This case study examined the shoulder joint kinematics of a highly skilled pa...

    Authors: Pui Wah Kong and Jia Wen Yam
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:143
  16. The advent of power meters for running has raised the interest of athletes and coaches in new ways of assessing changes in running performance. The aim of this study is to determine the changes in power-relate...

    Authors: Antonio Cartón-Llorente, Luis E. Roche-Seruendo, Elena Mainer-Pardos, Hadi Nobari, Alberto Rubio-Peirotén, Diego Jaén-Carrillo and Felipe García-Pinillos
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:142
  17. The health of wheelchair users’ upper limbs is directly related to their quality of life. Moreover, para-sport athletes are subjected to a dual load on their upper extremities from competition and daily life, ...

    Authors: Masafumi Sakai, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Yukiyo Shimizu, Yoshikazu Okamoto and Takahito Nakajima
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:141
  18. Proficiency in gross motor skills (GMS) lays the foundation for developing more complex motor skills. Improving these motor skills may provide enhanced opportunities for the development of a variety of percept...

    Authors: Sen Li, Yang Song, Zhidong Cai and Qingwen Zhang
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:140
  19. Athletic underperformance is characterized by fatigue and an inability to sustain a consistent exercise workload. We describe five elite swimmers with prolonged fatigue and athletic underperformance. Based on ...

    Authors: Lindsay S. Petracek, Ella F. Eastin, Ian R. Rowe and Peter C. Rowe
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:139
  20. The purpose of the study was: (i) to analyze the relationships of physiological and locomotor demands between small-sided games (3v3 and 5v5) and official matches (11v11); (ii) to analyze the relationships bet...

    Authors: Filipe Manuel Clemente, Ana Filipa Silva, Adam Kawczyński, Mehmet Yıldız, Yung-Sheng Chen, Sabri Birlik, Hadi Nobari and Zeki Akyildiz
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:138
  21. Respiratory disorders result in rehospitalization and premature death of patients with cervical spinal cord injuries (CSCI). Community game-based respiratory muscle training (RMT) programs could reduce seconda...

    Authors: Dongheon Kang, Jiyoung Park and Seon-Deok Eun
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:137
  22. Injuries within law enforcement are a significant issue as they increase organisational costs and workforce strain. As one of the biggest risk factors of future injury is previous injury, minimising injuries s...

    Authors: Danny J. Maupin, Elisa F. D. Canetti, Ben Schram, Robert G. Lockie, J. Jay Dawes, Joseph M. Dulla and Rob M. Orr
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:136
  23. Secondary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are a relevant clinical concern after surgical treatment of a primary ACL rupture. However, there is a lack of scientific evidence related to the role of mus...

    Authors: Marlene Mauch, Ramona Ritzmann, Christophe Lambert, Markus Wenning, Clara Ebner, Leonie Hartl, Albrecht H. Heitner, Jochen Paul and Christoph Centner
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:135
  24. Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are characterized by different levels of physical capacity, which depends not only on the anatomical advancement of atherosclerosis, but also on the individual cardi...

    Authors: Małgorzata Kurpaska, Paweł Krzesiński, Grzegorz Gielerak, Karina Gołębiewska and Katarzyna Piotrowicz
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:134
  25. Physical activity is essential to maternal and infant health. Healthcare professionals should inform pregnant women about benefits of physical activity to prevent possible health issues. Those recommendations ...

    Authors: Leona Cilar Budler and Marko Budler
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:133
  26. Heading is an integral part of football and frequent media reports and previous studies about potential danger of heading and head trauma in football fuelled discussions. Epidemiological data and video analyse...

    Authors: Johannes Weber, Andreas Ernstberger, Claus Reinsberger, Daniel Popp, Michael Nerlich, Volker Alt and Werner Krutsch
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:132
  27. Reliable and valid instruments are needed to estimate physical activity levels. The aim was to culturally adapt the “Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity” (RAPA) into Hungarian and to investigate the validity...

    Authors: Erika Viktória Miszory, Alexandra Makai, Annamária Pakai and Melinda Járomi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:131
  28. We investigated preoperative physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) in patients scheduled for elective cardiac procedures and compared them with population-based sample of Finnish adults.

    Authors: Sini Vasankari, Juha Hartikainen, Ville Vasankari, Vesa Anttila, Kari Tokola, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Pauliina Husu, Harri Sievänen, Tommi Vasankari and Jari Halonen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:130
  29. The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of different methods of resistance training (RT) on functional capacity in older adults. A systematic literature search was conducted using...

    Authors: Liam T. Pearson, David G. Behm, Stuart Goodall, Rachel Mason, Samuel Stuart and Gill Barry
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:129
  30. The etiology of hamstring strain injury (HSI) in American football is multi-factorial and understanding these risk factors is paramount to developing predictive models and guiding prevention and rehabilitation...

    Authors: Bryan C. Heiderscheit, Silvia S. Blemker, David Opar, Mikel R. Stiffler-Joachim, Asheesh Bedi, Joseph Hart, Brett Mortensen and Stephanie A. Kliethermes
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:128
  31. Squatting exercises are commonly used in rehabilitation for knee joint disorders; in these exercises, control of knee extensor moment is important to enhance training effects and to avoid adverse effects. Ankl...

    Authors: Tomoya Ishida, Mina Samukawa, Satoshi Kasahara and Harukazu Tohyama
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:127
  32. This study was conducted to assess the effect of electromechanical-assisted gait training intensity on walking ability in patients over 3-month post-stroke.

    Authors: Chang Seon Yu, Yeon-Gyo Nam and Bum Sun Kwon
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:126
  33. Concussion in sport is an ongoing global concern. The head injury assessment (HIA) by the field of play is acknowledged as the first step in recognising and identifying concussion. While previous systematic li...

    Authors: Ed Daly, Alan J. Pearce, Emma Finnegan, Ciara Cooney, Maria McDonagh, Grainne Scully, Michael McCann, Rónán Doherty, Adam White, Simon Phelan, Nathan Howarth and Lisa Ryan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:125
  34. Regular physical activity following a lower-limb amputation is essential for maintaining health and a high quality of life. Most adults with a lower-limb amputation, however, participate in insufficient daily ...

    Authors: Mayank Seth, Ryan Todd Pohlig, Gregory Evan Hicks and Jaclyn Megan Sions
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:124
  35. Various studies have used different exercise protocols as post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) stimulus; however, little attention has been given to the effects of exercise range of motion on the PAP...

    Authors: Michał Krzysztofik, Robert Trybulski, Bartosz Trąbka, Dawid Perenc, Konrad Łuszcz, Adam Zajac, Dan Iulian Alexe, Tatiana Dobrescu and Cristina Elena Moraru
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:123
  36. Gut microbiota is considered to have a great impact on human health and disease. While it is widely recognized that the gut microbiota of healthy individuals differs from those with obesity, inflammatory bowel...

    Authors: Hanna Dziewiecka, Harpal S. Buttar, Anna Kasperska, Joanna Ostapiuk–Karolczuk, Małgorzata Domagalska, Justyna Cichoń and Anna Skarpańska-Stejnborn
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:122
  37. There is not a general consensus on the best type of intervention to improve the motor proficiency (MP) of adolescents with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Considering the effect of socio-economic s...

    Authors: Farhad Ghadiri, Wesley O’Brien, Sana Soltani, Marzieh Faraji and Moslem Bahmani
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:121
  38. To date, no studies on the feasibility or outcomes of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after percutaneous mitral valve reconstruction using clipping procedures have been published. The aim of this study was to repo...

    Authors: Thomas Schmidt, Marek Kowalski, Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens, Frank Ritter, Gerold Mönnig and Nils Reiss
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:120
  39. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of small-sided games (SSGs) and running-based high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the body composition and physical fitness of youth female soccer players.

    Authors: Sinan Nayıroğlu, Ali Kerim Yılmaz, Ana Filipa Silva, Rui Silva, Hadi Nobari and Filipe Manuel Clemente
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:119
  40. Internal oblique muscle strains can develop in professional baseball players, rendering the players unable to continue playing for a certain period. However, the characteristics of this injury are not well kno...

    Authors: Shuro Komatsu, Hironori Kaneko and Masaki Nagashima
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:118
  41. Guidelines recommend regular physical activity (PA) and decreased sedentary time (SED) for patients after myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, valid self-assessment of PA is vital in clinical practice. The p...

    Authors: Amanda Lönn, Lena Viktoria Kallings, Mats Börjesson, Örjan Ekblom and Mattias Ekström
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:117
  42. Sacroiliac joints (SIJs) transmitted trunk load to lower extremities through the lumbopelvis. External compression devices across the SIJs could provide stability to the SIJs. A previous study established that...

    Authors: Tian-zong Huang and Suhn-yeop Kim
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:116
  43. Smoking is the most common substance use disorder among people with mental illness. In contrast to people without mental illness, among whom the proportion of smokers has declined in recent decades, the propor...

    Authors: Stefanie E. Schöttl, Martin Niedermeier, Prisca Kopp-Wilfling, Anika Frühauf, Carina S. Bichler, Monika Edlinger, Bernhard Holzner and Martin Kopp
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:115
  44. Sports science is making an important contribution to health services research and supports the development of tailored interventions, e.g., in nursing settings. Working in elderly care is associated with a hi...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Otto and Bettina Wollesen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:114
  45. The aim of this study was to analyze the shoulder functional profile (rotation range of motion [ROM] and strength), upper and lower body performance, and throwing speed of U13 versus U15 male handball players,...

    Authors: Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez, Urs Granacher, Isidoro Martinez-Martin, Vicente Garcia-Tormo, Alba Herrero-Molleda, David Barbado and Juan Garcia-Lopez
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:113
  46. With the global spread of COVID-19 infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 virus (SARS-CoV-2), all the national and international sports events were ceased early in 2020. The sp...

    Authors: Naushad Ahmad Khan, AbdulWahab Abubaker Al Musleh, Sameer Abdurahiman, Mohammad Asim, Ayman El-Menyar and Hassan Al-Thani
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:112
  47. Specialist police perform high-risk tasks and are required to have, and maintain, a high level of fitness. The aims of this study were to profile the strength of a specialist police unit and to investigate whe...

    Authors: Kimberly A. Talaber, Robin M. Orr, Danny Maupin, Ben Schram, Ksaniel Hasanki, Adam Roberts and Jeremy Robinson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:111
  48. The ability for athletes to gain a competitive advantage over their opponents is well recognised. At times, this advantage may be considered a marginal gain. However, in the context of competition, marginal ad...

    Authors: Daniel J. van den Hoek, Patrick J. Owen, Joel M. Garrett, Robert J. Howells, Joshua Pearson, Jemima G. Spathis and Christopher Latella
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:110
  49. Since cardiorespiratory fitness is an important predictor for all-cause mortality, it is of interest to know if meeting the physical activity (PA) recommendations is associated with higher levels of maximal ox...

    Authors: Elene Mauseth Tangen, Christina Gjestvang, Trine Stensrud and Lene A. H. Haakstad
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:109
  50. Neck pain and disability is a significant public health problem with only very few evidence-based treatment option. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of isometric exercise on pain and disability...

    Authors: Alireza Sadeghi, Mina Rostami, Sahand Ameri, Arezoo Karimi Moghaddam, Zhaleh Karimi Moghaddam and Alireza Zeraatchi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:108

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