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  1. The aim is to investigate to what extent the different oral protections compared to the habitual occlusion affect the upper body posture in statics and during taekwondo-specific movement.

    Authors: Daniela Ohlendorf, Mara Romdhane, Christoph Lehmann, Sebastian Lehmann, Stefan Kopp, Christian Maurer-Grubinger, Gerhard Oremek, David A. Groneberg and Eileen M. Wanke

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:5

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Maximal aerobic capacity, e.g. maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), is not constant, and it has a time-dependent variation based on the condition of individual. On the other hand, arterial properties play an importan...

    Authors: Takanobu Okamoto, Ryota Kobayashi, Yuto Hashimoto, Naoki Kikuchi and Shigehiko Ogoh

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Ultrasonography is an emerging non-invasive bedside tool for muscle quantity/quality assessment; Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) is an alternative non-invasive bedside measure of body composition, recom...

    Authors: Carly Welch, Zeinab Majid, Isabelle Andrews, Zaki Hassan-Smith, Vicky Kamwa, Hannah Picton, Daisy Wilson and Thomas A. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  4. When studying the quality of sleep in relation to athletic performance, the athlete’s chronotype and habitual time consider important factors. We aim to investigate the sleep quality and athletes’ performance ...

    Authors: Seung-Taek Lim, Do-Yoon Kim, Hyeong-Tae Kwon and Eunjae Lee

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Few nutritional markers reflect the hypermetabolic state of athletes with high levels of skeletal muscle. Although branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) play crucial roles in protein metabolism in skeletal muscle,...

    Authors: Katsuhiko Tsunekawa, Ryutaro Matsumoto, Kazumi Ushiki, Larasati Martha, Yoshifumi Shoho, Yoshimaro Yanagawa, Hirotaka Ishigaki, Akihiro Yoshida, Osamu Araki, Kiyomi Nakajima, Takao Kimura and Masami Murakami

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:1

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Whole body vibration (WBV) training as an intervention method can cure chronic low back pain (CLBP). Different WBV parameters exert different effects on lumbar-abdominal muscle performance. Currently, there is...

    Authors: Yulin Dong, Huifang Wang, Yan Zhu, Binglin Chen, Yili Zheng, Xiaochen Liu, Jun Qiao and Xueqiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:78

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The recovery of muscle function after an Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction is most commonly reported as limb-to-limb differences using the Limb Symmetry Index (LSI), which is not free from limita...

    Authors: Ramana Piussi, Daniel Broman, Erik Musslinder, Susanne Beischer, Roland Thomeé and Eric Hamrin Senorski

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:77

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This study addressed the lack of data on the effect of warm-up (WU) duration in hot-dry climate (~ 30 °C; ~ 18% RH), on thermoregulation, muscular power-output, and fatigue after specific soccer repeated-sprin...

    Authors: Mohamed Frikha, Nesrine Chaâri, Noureddine Ben Said and Mohammed Shaab Alibrahim

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:76

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Empirical data have suggested that mind-body practices that originated in Eastern traditions can cause desirable changes to psychological traits, the brain, somatic physiological functions, etc. Martial arts i...

    Authors: Hiromitsu Miyata, Daisuke Kobayashi, Akifumi Sonoda, Hibiki Motoike and Saki Akatsuka

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:75

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although studies have reported the sex differences in injury patterns among recreational skiers, the findings are still conflicting. This study aims to analyse the sex differences of orthopaedic knee injuries ...

    Authors: Huijuan Shi, Yanfang Jiang, Shuang Ren, Xiaoqing Hu, Hongshi Huang and Yingfang Ao

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:74

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Lower (YBT-LQ) and Upper (YBT-UQ) Quarter Y Balance Test have been widely used for the assessment of dynamic balance and shoulder mobility/stability, respectively. However, investigations on the validity o...

    Authors: Gerrit Schwiertz, Rainer Beurskens and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:73

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Severe and early quadriceps weakness (QW) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), which is caused by acute inflammation resulting from surgical trauma and tourniquet-induced ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, can ...

    Authors: Yusuke Kubo, Shuhei Sugiyama, Rie Takachu, Takeshi Sugiura, Masahiro Sawada, Kaori Kobori and Makoto Kobori

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:72

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cross-sectional studies have shown that balance performance can be challenged by the level of task difficulty (e.g., varying stance conditions, sensory manipulations). However, it remains unclear whether the a...

    Authors: Simon Schedler, Florian Tenelsen, Laura Wich and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:71

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) is defined as the highest workload that can be maintained for a longer period of time without continued blood lactate (LA) accumulation. MLSS is one of the physiological...

    Authors: Kamila Płoszczyca, Dominik Jazic, Zofia Piotrowicz, Małgorzata Chalimoniuk, Józef Langfort and Miłosz Czuba

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:70

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Traumatic dental injuries are one of the most important problems with major physical, aesthetic, psychological, social, functional and therapeutic problems that adversely affect the quality of life of children...

    Authors: Maryam Farhadian, Sima Torkaman and Farzad Mojarad

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:69

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are of major concern in sports. As mostly young and active individuals are affected there is an emphasis on the rapid and safe return to sports (RTS). Strengthening th...

    Authors: J. Riesterer, M. Mauch, J. Paul, D. Gehring, R. Ritzmann and M. Wenning

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:68

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) among people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Although physical activity is recommended for improving bone health in patients with reduc...

    Authors: Enock M. Chisati, Demitri Constantinou and Fanuel Lampiao

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:67

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Motor imagery training might be helpful in stroke rehabilitation. This study explored if a single session of motor imagery (MI) training induces performance changes in mental chronometry (MC), motor execution,...

    Authors: Joachim Liepert, Jana Stürner, Imke Büsching, Aida Sehle and Mircea A. Schoenfeld

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:66

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The aim of this study was to compare the postural control of the Poland national women’s volleyball team players with a control group of non-training young women. It was hypothesized that volleyball players us...

    Authors: Dorota Borzucka, Krzysztof Kręcisz, Zbigniew Rektor and Michał Kuczyński

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:65

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The optimal time-response window for photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and/or light emitting diodes therapy (LEDT) combined with static magnetic fields (sMF) before physica...

    Authors: Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Marcelo Ferreira Duarte de Oliveira, Jon Joensen, Martin Bjørn Stausholm, Jan Magnus Bjordal and Shaiane Silva Tomazoni

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:64

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Older people with chronic musculoskeletal pain are at risk of falls. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exergaming on pain and postural control in older people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Se...

    Authors: Jae-Llane Ditchburn, Paul van Schaik, John Dixon, Alasdair MacSween and Denis Martin

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:63

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Behavior change interventions have the potential to have a transformative effect on the health of populations. Allied health professionals have a key role to play in delivering these interventions. However, tr...

    Authors: James Matthews, Amanda M. Hall and Alison Keogh

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:62

    Content type: Research article

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  23. High load (HL: > 85% of one repetition maximum (1RM)) squats with maximal intended velocity contractions (MIVC) combined with football sessions can be considered a relevant and time-efficient practice for main...

    Authors: Edvard H. Sagelv, Sigurd Pedersen, Lars Petter R. Nilsen, Andrea Casolo, Boye Welde, Morten B. Randers and Svein Arne Pettersen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:61

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The biomechanical background of the transitory force decrease following a sudden reduction in the stimulation frequency under selected experimental conditions was studied on fast resistant motor units (MUs) of...

    Authors: Joanna Rakoczy, Katarzyna Kryściak, Hanna Drzymała-Celichowska, Rositsa Raikova and Jan Celichowski

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:60

    Content type: Research article

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  25. African American (AA) women have a higher prevalence of obesity and related metabolic dysfunction and lower level of physical activity compared to white counterparts. Determining feasible exercise alternatives...

    Authors: Avigdor D. Arad, Jeanine B. Albu and Fred J. DiMenna

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:59

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Since 2004, Sport Waikato has delivered Project Energize, a through-school nutrition and physical activity program to primary schools in the Waikato. As part of the program’s continued assessment and quality c...

    Authors: Carolyn Cairncross, Victor Obolonkin, Tara Coppinger and Elaine Rush

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:58

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Anterior cruciate ligament trauma is one of the most common knee injuries in professional athletes. This study aimed to investigate the effects of kinesio taping on kinesiophobia, balance, and functional perfo...

    Authors: Milad Gholami, Fahimeh Kamali, Maryam Mirzeai, Alireza Motealleh and MohammadBagher Shamsi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:57

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The study aimed to translate the foot function index (FFI) questionnaire to Thai and to determine psychometric properties of the questionnaire among individuals with plantar foot complaints.

    Authors: Sunee Bovonsunthonchai, Suthasinee Thong-On, Roongtiwa Vachalathiti, Warinda Intiravoranont, Sarawut Suwannarat and Richard Smith

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:56

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The prevalence of obesity in childhood is increasing worldwide and may be affected by genetic factors and the lifestyle (exercise, nutrition behavior) of expectant parents. Lifestyle factors affect adipokines,...

    Authors: Nina Ferrari, Laura Schmitz, Nikola Schmidt, Esther Mahabir, Patricia Van de Vondel, Waltraut M. Merz, Walter Lehmacher, Stephanie Stock, Konrad Brockmeier, Regina Ensenauer, Tanja Fehm and Christine Joisten

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:55

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on physical performance of combining whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) with parathyroid hormone 1–34 (teriparatide) compared to teriparatide alone.

    Authors: Ditte Beck Jepsen, Tahir Masud, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Stinus Hansen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen and Jesper Ryg

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:54

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Adjuvant therapy may cause multiple sideeffects on long term health, including reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in patients with breast cancer (1, 2). However, there is currently limited knowledge regar...

    Authors: Tor Helge Wiestad, Truls Raastad, Karin Nordin, Helena Igelström, Anna Henriksson, Ingrid Demmelmaier and Sveinung Berntsen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:53

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The rising prevalence of childhood obesity in developing and developed countries poses a major public health challenge to policy makers and an effective strategy to promote physical activity among adolescents ...

    Authors: Jia Jia LEE, Nivedita Vikas NADKARNI, Irene TEO and Semra OZDEMIR

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:52

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The patellofemoral joint (PFJ) provides extremely low kinetic friction, which results in optimal arthrokinematic motion quality. Previous research showed that these friction-reducing properties may be diminish...

    Authors: Ewelina Ołowiana, Noelle Selkow, Kevin Laudner, Daniel Puciato and Dawid Bączkowicz

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:51

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Olympic handball is a sport mainly focused on executing throwing and passing techniques with the throwing arm. Functional specialization due to the unilateral characteristic and dominance of the throwing arm m...

    Authors: Julian Bauer, Simon Schedler, Stephan Fischer and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:50

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The direct application of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and light emitting diodes (LEDs) combined with a static magnetic field (sMF) (PBMT-sMF) to target tissues is sho...

    Authors: Caroline dos Santos Monteiro Machado, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Adriane Aver Vanin, Jônatas Bezerra de Azevedo, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho and Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:49

    Content type: Research article

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  36. According to research, fast skating on short distances increases functional asymmetry of leg muscles. As has been proven in many sporting disciplines, this asymmetry can increase the risk of injury. The aim of...

    Authors: Mariusz Konieczny, Paweł Pakosz and Mateusz Witkowski

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:48

    Content type: Research article

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  37. International guidelines for physical activity recommend at least 150 min per week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for adults, including those with cardiac disease. There is yet to be consensu...

    Authors: Grace O. Dibben, Manish M. Gandhi, Rod S. Taylor, Hasnain M. Dalal, Brad Metcalf, Patrick Doherty, Lars H. Tang, Mark Kelson and Melvyn Hillsdon

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:47

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Observational studies suggested that OSA treatment might reduce CVD and T2D but RCTs failed to suppor...

    Authors: Julie K. Black, Anna C. Whittaker, Abd A. Tahrani and George M. Balanos

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:46

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia and excessive generation of reactive oxygen species caused by autoimmune destruction of beta-cells in the pancreas. Among the ...

    Authors: Ailton Santos Sena Júnior, Felipe José Aidar, Jymmys Lopes Dos Santos, Charles Dos Santos Estevam, Jessica Denielle Matos dos Santos, Ana Mara de Oliveira e Silva, Fábio Bessa Lima, Silvan Silva De Araújo and Anderson Carlos Marçal

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:45

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Emerging research shows a high prevalence of fatigue and sleep problems among university students. The present study evaluates the effects of regular aerobic exercise on sleep quality and fatigue level among f...

    Authors: Maryam Ezati, Maryam Keshavarz, Zahra Amirkhanzadeh Barandouzi and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:44

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The newly compiled Bafa Wubu of Tai Chi (Eight Methods and Five Footworks) is a fitness routine that has been developed in accordance with the appeal of the General Administration of Sport of China and promote...

    Authors: Shaojun Lyu, Jianwei Zhang, Jianquan Nie, Cuihan Li, Tianming Gao, Wen Yuan, Zaihao Chen and Jing Ma

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:43

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Symmetry during lifting is considered critical for allowing balanced power production and avoidance of injury. This investigation assessed the influence of elevating the heels on bilateral lower limb symmetry ...

    Authors: Mark G. L. Sayers, S. H. Hosseini Nasab, Caroline Bachem, William R. Taylor, Renate List and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:42

    Content type: Research article

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  43. This study was a part of 16-week sitting light volleyball (SLVB) intervention program which examined the effects of the intervention on the physical and psychological attributes of adults with physical impairm...

    Authors: Ka-Man Leung, Pak-Kwong Chung and William Chu

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:41

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem among young basketball players in addition to lower extremity injuries. However, studies that focus on LBP with lower extremity pain are limited. From the perspective of...

    Authors: Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kenji Kanazawa, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichirou Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Toshihisa Yano, Takahiro Onoki, Eiji Itoi and Ryoichi Nagatomi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:40

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In the conduct of their daily duties, law enforcement officers (LEO) are often required to perform dynamic, physically demanding tasks with little or no notice, sometimes at maximal levels of exertion. Given t...

    Authors: Colin Tomes, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope and Robin Orr

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:39

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Despite its high risk of injury, many people are still favor trampolining. However, currently there is no consensus as to which type of trampoline and which type of participant is more likely to have a trampol...

    Authors: Janisa Andrea Muljadi, Kornkit Chaijenkij, Alisara Arirachakaran and Jatupon Kongtharvonskul

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:37

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Notwithstanding the well-known benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), adherence to CR remains low, particularly in women. High-intensity interv...

    Authors: Kimberley L. Way, Sol Vidal-Almela, Marja-Leena Keast, Harleen Hans, Andrew L. Pipe and Jennifer L. Reed

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:38

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Compared to injury surveillance in Olympic athletes relatively little literature exists for Paralympic athletes. Injury surveillance data underpin design and evaluation of injury prevention strategies in elite...

    Authors: N. R. Heneghan, L. Heathcote, P. Martin, S. Spencer and A. Rushton

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:36

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Little is known about the effect of exercise in young heart transplant recipients, and results on group level is lacking. This study summarizes the findings of the youngest participants in two previous randomi...

    Authors: Kari Nytrøen, Katrine Rolid, Marianne Yardley and Lars Gullestad

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:35

    Content type: Research article

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  50. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Pedro Pugliesi Abdalla, Anderson dos Santos Carvalho, André Pereira dos Santos, Ana Claudia Rossini Venturini, Thiago Cândido Alves, Jorge Mota and Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:34

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:29

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