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  1. Trunk flexion is a common exercise during daily activities. Flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) occurs during forward bending in which there is a sudden silence of erector spinae (ES) muscles. The pattern of f...

    Authors: Marzyeh Ramezani, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad, Alireza Motealleh and Mohsen Ghofrani-Jahromi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:14

    Content type: Research

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  2. Previous research indicates the high relevance of optimal joint angles for individual isometric strength assessment. The objective was to compare lower limb peak isometric muscle strength abilities at the stro...

    Authors: Andreas Stotz, Ebrahem Maghames, Joel Mason, Andreas Groll and Astrid Zech

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:13

    Content type: Research

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  3. Knee injuries in the lower limbs frequently occur, and lower limb muscles need to be strengthened to reduce injuries. Activating muscles can help strengthen muscles.. This study aimed to determine the squat ex...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Lee, Soojin Kim, Jihye Heo, Dong-Ho Park and Eunwook Chang

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  4. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may prevent muscle atrophy, accelerate rehabilitation and enhance blood circulation. Yet, one major drawback is that patient compliance is impeded by the discomfort ...

    Authors: J. Flodin, R. Juthberg and P. W. Ackermann

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:11

    Content type: Research

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  5. Improving the quality of functional movements in athletes generally requires additional training targeting specific functional deficiencies. However, well-rounded, traditional strength and conditioning program...

    Authors: Dimitrije Kovac, Zarko Krkeljas and Ranel Venter

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  6. Knowledge on the relationship between fitness center use and long-term members’ subsequent goal achievement is limited. Therefore, the aim was to investigate the prospective association between the use of fitn...

    Authors: Liv Riseth, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Torunn Hatlen Nøst and Aslak Steinsbekk

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:9

    Content type: Research

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  7. For most patients, tennis elbow (TE) resolves within 6 months of onset. For those with persistent and painful TE, nonsurgical treatment options are limited. Thousands of studies have tried to find effective tr...

    Authors: Gershon Zinger, Alexander Bregman, Ori Safran, Shaul Beyth and Amos Peyser

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:8

    Content type: Research

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  8. Exercise-induced muscle damage typically caused by unaccustomed exercise results in pain, soreness, inflammation, and muscle and liver damages. Antioxidant supplementation might be a useful approach to reduce ...

    Authors: Vahid Parvizi Mastali, Rastegar Hoseini and Mohammad Azizi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  9. The physiological effects of physical exercise are ubiquitously reported as beneficial to the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems. Exercise is widely promoted by medical professionals to aid both physic...

    Authors: Sophie Docherty, Rachael Harley, Joseph J. McAuley, Lindsay A. N. Crowe, Carles Pedret, Paul D. Kirwan, Stefan Siebert and Neal L. Millar

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:5

    Content type: Review

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  10. The aim of the investigation was to compare the occurrence of post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) after drop jumps, or heavy sled towing, and the subsequent effect on repeated sprint ability (RSA).

    Authors: Alessandro M. Zagatto, Gabriel M. Claus, Yago M. Dutra, Rodrigo A. de Poli, Vithor H. F. Lopes, Stuart Goodall, Irineu Loturco and Daniel Boullosa

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:4

    Content type: Research

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  11. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two competitive field hockey matches, played on consecutive days, on maximal isometric hip adductor and abductor strength, wellness and fatigue.

    Authors: Violeta Sánchez-Migallón, Álvaro López-Samanes, Juan Del Coso, Archit Navandar, Per Aagaard and Víctor Moreno-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:3

    Content type: Research

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  12. Success at the elite level in sport is often attributed to physical prowess, technical skill, and mental attitude. However, underpinning these factors are various lifestyle, support and social factors that may...

    Authors: Lauren Burns, Juanita R. Weissensteiner, Marc Cohen and Stephen R. Bird

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:2

    Content type: Research

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  13. Water jumping exercise is an alternative method to achieve maintenance of bone health and reduce exercise injuries. Clarifying the ground reaction force (GRF) of moderate and high cardiopulmonary exercise inte...

    Authors: Kuei-Yu Chien, Wei-Gang Chang, Wan-Chin Chen and Rong-Jun Liou

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:1

    Content type: Research

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  14. Single-limb stance is a demanding postural task featuring a high number of daily living and sporting activities. Thus, it is widely used for training and rehabilitation, as well as for balance assessment. Musc...

    Authors: L. Labanca, M. Ghislieri, M. Knaflitz, G. Barone, L. Bragonzoni, V. Agostini and M. G. Benedetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:163

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The benefits of resistance training for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are well documented; however, the effects of exercise with different muscle contraction types such as eccentric versus concentric con...

    Authors: Christine Kudiarasu, Wafina Rohadhia, Yoshihiro Katsura, Tomoko Koeda, Favil Singh and Kazunori Nosaka

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:162

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To propose cut-off points for older adults’ weakness for upper and lower limbs muscle strength normalized by body size with the ratio standard/muscle quality and allometric scaling.

    Authors: Pedro Pugliesi Abdalla, Lucimere Bohn, Leonardo Santos Lopes da Silva, André Pereira dos Santos, Marcio Fernando Tasinafo Junior, Ana Claudia Rossini Venturini, Anderson dos Santos Carvalho, David Martinez Gomez, Jorge Mota and Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:161

    Content type: Research

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  17. Power bursts of hips and ankle plantar flexors are prerequisites to walking propulsion. However, these power bursts are reduced during gait for persons with cerebral palsy (CP) and mainly in the ankle plantar ...

    Authors: Beate Eltarvåg Gjesdal, Silje Mæland, Gavin Williams, Mona Kristin Aaslund, Cecilie Brekke Rygh and Kristoffer Toldnes Cumming

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:160

    Content type: Research

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  18. Musculoskeletal injuries account for 10 million work-limited days per year and often lead to both acute and/or chronic pain, and increased chances of re-injury or permanent disability. Conservative treatment o...

    Authors: Sandra L. Winkler, Anthony E. Urbisci and Thomas M. Best

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:159

    Content type: Research

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  19. To handle the competition demands, sparring drills are used for specific technical–tactical training as well as physical–physiological conditioning in combat sports. While the effects of different area sizes a...

    Authors: Ibrahim Ouergui, Slaheddine Delleli, Anissa Bouassida, Ezdine Bouhlel, Helmi Chaabene, Luca Paolo Ardigò and Emerson Franchini

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:158

    Content type: Research

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  20. The aim of this study was to analyse the physical demands and technical-tactical actions for each playing position according to game location and final outcome in professional soccer players.

    Authors: Adrián Díez, Demetrio Lozano, Jose Luis Arjol-Serrano, Elena Mainer-Pardos, Daniel Castillo, Marcelino Torrontegui-Duarte, Hadi Nobari, Diego Jaén-Carrillo and Miguel Lampre

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:157

    Content type: Research

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  21. The purpose of the present study was to examine the ability of a submaximal cycling test to detect longitudinal changes in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and examine the conformity between changes in measured and...

    Authors: Frida Björkman, Örjan Ekblom, Elin Ekblom-Bak and Tony Bohman

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:156

    Content type: Research

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  22. The coach attitude impacts the whole mind and body system of a child athlete from emotional and motivational aspects to motor skills like motor coordination. It translates into the ability to control and stabi...

    Authors: D. Wilczyńska, A. Łysak-Radomska, M. Podczarska-Głowacka, K. Krasowska, E. Perzanowska, A. Walentukiewicz, M. Lipowski and W. Skrobot

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:155

    Content type: Research

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  23. As combat sports are classified by body mass, many athletes engage in rapid weight loss (RWL) prior to competition so they can gain an advantage over lighter opponents. Following the weigh-in, athletes engage ...

    Authors: Nemanja Lakicevic, Diba Mani, Antonio Paoli, Roberto Roklicer, Antonino Bianco and Patrik Drid

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:154

    Content type: Commentary

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  24. Patient-centered care and evidence-based practice (EBP) are core competencies for health care professionals. The importance of EBP has led to an increase in research involving clinical outcomes; current recomm...

    Authors: Madeline P. Casanova, Megan C. Nelson, Michael A. Pickering, Lindsay W. Larkins, Karen M. Appleby, Emma J. Grindley and Russell T. Baker

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:153

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Dynamic knee valgus (DKV) is a common lower extremity movement disorder among females. This study aimed to investigate kinematic couplings between lower extremity joints in female junior athletes with DKV duri...

    Authors: Mahdis Dadfar, Rahman Sheikhhoseini, Mohadeseh Jafarian and Alireza Esmaeili

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:152

    Content type: Research

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  26. Standard endurance training used from the second stage of cardiac rehabilitation has many common features with indoor cycling training which is used in fitness clubs. In the study, an attempt was made to evalu...

    Authors: Dagmara Gloc, Zbigniew Nowak, Agata Nowak-Lis, Tomasz Gabryś, Urszula Szmatlan-Gabrys, Peter Valach and Anna Pilis

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:151

    Content type: Research

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  27. The aim of this study is to determine and to compare the effect of sex differences in percentage of body fat on the strength and power performances of the legs and arms during short maximal exercise.

    Authors: Ghassen Ben Mansour, Asma Kacem, Mohamed Ishak, Laurent Grélot and Foued Ftaiti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:150

    Content type: Research

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  28. Anterior cruciate ligament injury arises when the knee anterior ligament fibers are stretched, partially torn, or completely torn. Operated patients either end up re-injuring their reconstructed anterior cruci...

    Authors: Balázs Sonkodi, Endre Varga, László Hangody, Gyula Poór and István Berkes

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:149

    Content type: Commentary

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  29. Patients with lower extremity problems (LEP) commonly experience functional loss, pain, decreased range of motion, inadequacy in daily living activities, and structural change in radiographic evaluations. Howe...

    Authors: Youngha Kim, Danbee Kang, Eunjee Kang, Jihyun Lim, Sooyeon Kim, Heesu Nam, Sungkeun Shim, Mangyeong Lee, Young-Wan Moon, Seung-Jae Lim, Ki-Sun Sung and Juhee Cho

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:148

    Content type: Research

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  30. Among athletes, bodybuilders are more predisposed to the use of dietary supplements (DS) and hormones (H) to increase in adaptations to physical training and performance. The purpose of the study was to identi...

    Authors: Paolo Montuori, Ilaria Loperto, Carmine Paolo, Davide Castrianni, Raffaele Nubi, Elvira De Rosa, Raffaele Palladino and Maria Triassi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:147

    Content type: Research

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  31. It is known that amenorrhea is highly prevalent among female athletes. However, a large percentage of them do not seek help if this complaint occurs. We performed this study to gain more insight into the reaso...

    Authors: Saskia J. Verhoef, Merel C. Wielink, Edwin A. Achterberg, Marlies Y. Bongers and Simone M. T. A. Goossens

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:146

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This study aims to determine and compare the effects of exercise modalities with different intensities on the secretion of key inflammation and hypoxia markers in amateur athletes.

    Authors: Fatih Baygutalp, Yusuf Buzdağlı, Murat Ozan, Mitat Koz, Nurcan Kılıç Baygutalp and Gökhan Atasever

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:145

    Content type: Research

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  33. The study aimed to assess whether intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) and intermittent negative pressure (INP) would attenuate the muscle damaging effects of eccentric exercise.

    Authors: Szczepan Wiecha, Martyna Jarocka, Paweł Wiśniowski, Maciej Cieśliński, Szymon Price, Bartłomiej Makaruk, Jadwiga Kotowska, Dorota Drabarek, Igor Cieśliński and Tomasz Sacewicz

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:144

    Content type: Research

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  34. Reliable and valid instruments are needed to estimate physical activity levels. The purposes of this study were to estimate the reliability and validity of the Physical Activity Questionnaire (MTPAQ) in a subs...

    Authors: C. Medina, A. Monge, M. Romero, R. López-Ridaura, S. Barquera, I. Romieu, E. Denova-Gutiérrez and M. Lajous

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:143

    Content type: Research

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  35. Adequate neuromuscular control of the knee could be one element to prevent secondary injuries after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. To assess neuromuscular control in terms of time, amplitude and a...

    Authors: Angela Blasimann, Irene Koenig, Isabel Baert, Heiner Baur and Dirk Vissers

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:142

    Content type: Research

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  36. Handball is characterised by repetitive passing and shooting actions mainly performed with the throwing arm. This can lead to side differences (inter-limb asymmetry) in upper quarter mobility/stability between...

    Authors: Julian Bauer, Stefan Panzer and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:141

    Content type: Research

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  37. Intermuscular synchronization constitutes one of the key aspects of effective sport performance and activities of daily living. The aim of the study was to assess the synchronization of trunk stabilizer muscle...

    Authors: Monika Błaszczyszyn, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Katarzyna Piechota, Krzysztof Kręcisz and Dariusz Zmarzły

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:140

    Content type: Research

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  38. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the effectiveness of early cardiac rehabilitation on patients with heart failure following acute myocardial infarction.

    Authors: He Cai, Pengyu Cao, Wenqian Zhou, Wanqing Sun, Xinying Zhang, Rongyu Li, Wangshu Shao, Lin Wang, Lin Zou and Yang Zheng

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:139

    Content type: Research

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  39. Recreational running has greatly increased over the last decade, and different research has tried to understand the motivation that leads these amateur athletes to run. However, most research has focused on ad...

    Authors: Patxi León-Guereño, Héctor Galindo-Domínguez, Eneko Balerdi-Eizmendi, Mateusz Rozmiarek and Ewa Malchrowicz-Mośko

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:138

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In current sports science, the important role of sleep quality for health and peak performance is well acknowledged. More precisely, it is evident that the negative combination of stressful factors, low resour...

    Authors: Kristina Klier, Selina Dörr and Annette Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:137

    Content type: Research

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  41. During Australian football (AF) matches, players are subjected to high running loads, which are intermittent in nature. There is a growing body of research that highlights factors which can both positively and...

    Authors: Christopher Wing, Nicolas H. Hart, Fadi Ma’ayah and Kazunori Nosaka

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:136

    Content type: Review

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  42. There is insufficient physical activity among women. Yet the implementation of effective, multilevel, and evidence-based interventions may address this. Since the lifestyle of individuals is formed in many dif...

    Authors: Leila Amiri-Farahani, Soroor Parvizy, Eesa Mohammadi, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Ziba Taghizadeh and Sally Pezaro

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:135

    Content type: Research

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  43. Increased engagement of adolescents in martial arts exposes them to a relatively high risk of experiencing orofacial injuries. We evaluated self-reported experience of orofacial injuries, preventive practice, ...

    Authors: Ali Esmaeilpoor, Simin Z. Mohebbi, Navid Moghadam, Mina Ahmadian, Samaneh Razeghi and Mohammad R. Khami

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:134

    Content type: Research

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  44. In an effort to increase people’s adherence to active lifestyles, contemporary physical activity (PA) guidelines now include low-dose PA.

    Authors: Julien Tripette, Yuko Gando, Haruka Murakami, Ryoko Kawakami, Kumpei Tanisawa, Harumi Ohno, Kana Konishi, Michiya Tanimoto, Noriko Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawano, Kenta Yamamoto, Akie Morishita, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Kiyoshi Sanada, Nobuyuki Miyatake and Motohiko Miyachi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:133

    Content type: Research

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  45. Many people with neurological conditions experience challenges with movement. Although rehabilitation is often provided acutely and sub-acutely following the onset of a condition, motor deficits commonly persi...

    Authors: Cameron S. Mang and Sue Peters

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:132

    Content type: Review

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  46. Physical fitness is an essential marker of health. The literature regarding the question of whether individuals with asthma have reduced physical fitness compared to their non-asthmatic peers is inconsistent a...

    Authors: Anke Hanssen-Doose, Robert Jaeschke, Claudia Niessner, Doris Oriwol and Annette Worth

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:131

    Content type: Research

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  47. Symmetry is a sign of physiological and healthy movements, as pathologies are often described by increased asymmetries. Nevertheless, based on precisely measured data, even healthy individuals will show small ...

    Authors: Hannah Lena Siebers, Waleed Alrawashdeh, Marcel Betsch, Filippo Migliorini, Frank Hildebrand and Jörg Eschweiler

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:130

    Content type: Research

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  48. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of bradycardia induced by pre-exercise acupuncture on heart rate responses during short-duration exercise.

    Authors: Hidehiro Nakahara, Shin-ya Ueda, Eriko Kawai, Rui Higashiura and Tadayoshi Miyamoto

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:129

    Content type: Research

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  49. Peer-based exercise interventions that cultivate new opportunities for support with a fellow cancer survivor may result in increased exercise volume. It is not clear whether adding qualified exercise professio...

    Authors: Jenna Smith-Turchyn, Michelle E. McCowan, Erin O’Loughlin, Angela J. Fong, Meghan H. McDonough, Daniel Santa Mina, Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Linda Trinh, Jennifer M. Jones, Jackie L. Bender, S. Nicole Culos-Reed, Jennifer R. Tomasone, Madison F. Vani and Catherine M. Sabiston

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:128

    Content type: Study protocol

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