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  1. Content type: Research article

    Strength deficits, muscle imbalances, and quadriceps inhibition are common after the surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), even after the patient’s returned-to-sport. Typically, asym...

    Authors: Christian Baumgart, Wouter Welling, Matthias W. Hoppe, Jürgen Freiwald and Alli Gokeler

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:23

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Internal and external rotation exercises of the shoulder are frequently performed to avoid injury and pain. Knowledge about the motion and loadings of the upper extremities during these exercises is crucial fo...

    Authors: Ramona Häberle, Florian Schellenberg, Renate List, Michael Plüss, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:22

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  3. Content type: Review

    Type 2 diabetes and obesity epidemics are in effect in the United States and the two pathologies are linked. In accordance with the growing appreciation that ‘exercise is medicine,’ it is intuitive to suggest ...

    Authors: Fred J. DiMenna and Avigdor D. Arad

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:21

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a lower leg injury with a reported incidence rate of up to 35% in active individuals. Although numerous prospective studies have tried to identify risk factors for devel...

    Authors: Joshua Mattock, Julie R. Steele and Karen J. Mickle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:20

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    In people with cystic fibrosis (CF), higher exercise capacity is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQoL), reduced risk of hospitalisation for a respiratory infection and survival. Therefo...

    Authors: Abbey Sawyer, Vinicius Cavalheri, Sue Jenkins, Jamie Wood, Nola Cecins, Bhajan Singh and Kylie Hill

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:19

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Swimming induced pulmonary oedema is an uncommon occurrence and usually presents during strenuous distance swimming in cold water. The prevalence is most likely underreported and the underlying mechanisms are ...

    Authors: Erik Hohmann, Vaida Glatt and Kevin Tetsworth

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:18

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  7. Content type: Research article

    There exists conflicting evidence regarding the impact of kinesiology tape on performance and muscle function. One variable that may account for disparities in the findings of previous studies is the colour of...

    Authors: Rocco Cavaleri, Tribikram Thapa, Paula R. Beckenkamp and Lucy S. Chipchase

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:17

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Dental caries and periodontitis are associated with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines which may trigger muscle fatigue during exercise, a strong risk factor for sports injuries. Fixed orthodontic a...

    Authors: Henny Solleveld, John Flutter, Arnold Goedhart and Luc VandenBossche

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:16

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Different test procedures are often used within performance-based measures, causing uncertainty as to whether results can be compared between studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess agreement betwee...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg and Anna Cronström

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:15

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Squatting is a core exercise for many purposes. The tissue loading during squatting is crucial for positive adaptation and to avoid injury. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of narrow, hip and wide stanc...

    Authors: Silvio Lorenzetti, Mira Ostermann, Fabian Zeidler, Pia Zimmer, Lina Jentsch, Renate List, William R. Taylor and Florian Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:14

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Soccer is a high-intensity sport with a high injury rate. Among youth soccer players, lower extremity pain is a major problem that could be associated with trunk function. This study investigated the associati...

    Authors: Yasuhito Sogi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Toshihisa Yano, Eiji Itoi and Ryoichi Nagatomi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:13

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  12. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been suggested that heat exposure and hypohydration have negative effects on cognitive performance, which may impact upon sporting performance. The aim of the present study was to examine the...

    Authors: Hannah MacLeod, Simon Cooper, Stephan Bandelow, Rachel Malcolm and Caroline Sunderland

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:12

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Various musculoskeletal changes occurring during pregnancy may lead to the change in gait and contribute to the increase in walking energy expenditure. Previous research indicates that changes in gait mechanic...

    Authors: Zarko Krkeljas and Sarah Johanna Moss

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:11

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The need for unobtrusive HR (heart rate) monitoring has led to the development of a new generation of strapless HR monitors. The aim of this study was to determine whether such an unobtrusive, wrist-worn optic...

    Authors: Francesco Sartor, Jos Gelissen, Ralph van Dinther, David Roovers, Gabriele B. Papini and Giuseppe Coppola

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:10

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In order to investigate the impact of adherence to recommendations of physical activity and sedentary time on health outcomes in clinical trials, there is a need for feasible tools such as questionnaires that ...

    Authors: Hege Berg Henriksen, Sveinung Berntsen, Ingvild Paur, Manuela Zucknick, Anne Juul Skjetne, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Christine Henriksen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Monica Hauger Carlsen and Rune Blomhoff

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:8

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  16. Content type: Technical advance

    Numerous methods have been proposed that use submaximal loads to predict one repetition maximum (1RM). One common method applies standard linear regression equations to load and average vertical lifting veloci...

    Authors: Mark G. L. Sayers, Michel Schlaeppi, Marina Hitz and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:9

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  17. Content type: Review

    Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of at least three out of five clinical risk factors: abdominal (visceral) obesity, hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL...

    Authors: Carole A. Paley and Mark I. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:7

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Technological development and improvements in Wearable Physiological Monitoring devices, have facilitated the wireless and continuous field-based monitoring/capturing of physiologic measures in healthy, clinic...

    Authors: Goris Nazari, Pavlos Bobos, Joy C. MacDermid, Kathryn E. Sinden, Julie Richardson and Ada Tang

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:6

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Leg-press machines are widely employed for musculoskeletal conditioning of the lower-limbs and they provide cardiovascular benefits for resistance training in cardiac patients. The aim of this study was to ass...

    Authors: Farouk Chrif, Tobias Nef and Kenneth J. Hunt

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:5

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Adequate levels of regular physical activity (PA) are crucial for health and well-being. Pediatric burn injuries can have major physiological consequences in both the short and long term. The question is wheth...

    Authors: Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J. Mouton, Laurien M. Disseldorp, Anuschka S. Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H. V. van der Woude and Marianne K. Nieuwenhuis

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:4

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Exercise adherence in already low-active older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains low. Perceptual regulation and exergaming may facilitate future exercise behaviour by improving th...

    Authors: Liam McAuliffe, Gaynor C. Parfitt, Roger G. Eston, Caitlin Gray, Hannah A. D. Keage and Ashleigh E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:2

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Measuring physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) by self-report or device as well as assessing related health factors may alter those behaviors. Thus, in intervention trials assessments may bias interv...

    Authors: Lisa Voigt, Sophie Baumann, Antje Ullrich, Franziska Weymar, Ulrich John and Sabina Ulbricht

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:1

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Despite debate regarding their effectiveness, many different post-exercise recovery strategies are used by athletes. This study compared five post-exercise recovery strategies (cold water immersion, contrast w...

    Authors: Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards and Shona Halson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:25

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This systematic review was conducted with the first objective aimed at providing an overview of the physiological characteristics commonly evaluated in rugby and the corresponding tests used to measure each co...

    Authors: Matthew Chiwaridzo, Sander Oorschot, Jermaine M. Dambi, Gillian D. Ferguson, Emmanuel Bonney, Tapfuma Mudawarima, Cathrine Tadyanemhandu and Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:24

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Anthropometric models remain appropriate alternatives to estimate body composition of peripubertal populations. However, these traditional models do not consider other body components that undergo major change...

    Authors: Dalmo Machado, Analiza Silva, Luis Gobbo, Paula Elias, Francisco J. A. de Paula and Nilo Ramos

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:23

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The presence of pain during movement typically results in changes in technique. However, the physical properties of water, such as flotation, means that water-based exercise may not only reduce compensatory mo...

    Authors: Anna C. Severin, Brendan J. Burkett, Mark R. McKean, Aaron N. Wiegand and Mark G. L. Sayers

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:20

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  27. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with dr...

    Authors: James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström and M. Charlotte Olsson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:21

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) promotion in healthcare is an important strategy for increasing PA levels. Physiotherapists are well-positioned to promote PA, however no studies have investigated PA promotion by physio...

    Authors: Nicole Freene, Sophie Cools and Bernie Bissett

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:19

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Soccer is one of the most widely played sports in the world. However, soccer players have an increased risk of lower limb injury. These injuries may be caused by both modifiable and non-modifiable factors, jus...

    Authors: David Sadigursky, Juliana Almeida Braid, Diogo Neiva Lemos De Lira, Bruno Almeida Barreto Machado, Rogério Jamil Fernandes Carneiro and Paulo Oliveira Colavolpe

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:18

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Physical fitness is a crucial variable in people with severe mental illness as these people could be more independent and improve their job opportunities. The present study compared the physical fitness of phy...

    Authors: David Perez-Cruzado, Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas, Elisa Vera-Garcia and Fermín Mayoral-Cleries

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:17

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Brazilian jiu-jitsu is characterized by musculoskeletal disorders and high occurrence of sports injuries. The present study was aimed to analyze some internal factors, as well as to describe occurrence and cha...

    Authors: Dayana das Graças, Letícia Nakamura, Fernando Sérgio Silva Barbosa, Paula Felippe Martinez, Filipe Abdalla Reis and Silvio Assis de Oliveira-Junior

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:16

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Brachial hemiparesis is one of the most frequent sequelae of stroke, leading to important functional disability given the role of the upper limb in executing activities of daily living (ADL). The Stroke Upper ...

    Authors: João Paulo Branco, Sandra Oliveira, João Páscoa Pinheiro and Pedro L. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:15

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Overtraining syndrome (OTS), functional (FOR) and non-functional overreaching (NFOR) are conditions diagnosed in athletes with decreased performance and fatigue, triggered by metabolic, immune, hormonal and ot...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:14

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  34. Content type: Research article

    To ensure an efficient and targeted adaptation with low injury risk during strength exercises, knowledge of the participant specific internal loading conditions is essential. The goal of this study was to calc...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:13

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the perceived influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment (HWE) on participation in sports clubs among adolescent girls, and how these perceptions changed longitudinally. HWE was defin...

    Authors: M. M. Casey, R. M. Eime, J. T. Harvey, N. A. Sawyer, M. J. Craike, C. M. Symons and W. R. Payne

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:12

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In isometric muscle function, there are subjectively two different modes of performance: one can either hold isometrically – thus resist an impacting force – or push isometrically – therefore work against a st...

    Authors: Laura V. Schaefer and Frank N. Bittmann

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:11

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Back extension (BE) is a strength exercise for training the dorsal trunk and hip muscles. To optimise training recommendations that avoid overloading and possible injury, the aim of this study was to determine...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, Nicole Schmid, Ramona Häberle, Nicole Hörterer, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:10

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is frequently used as a measure of exercise tolerance, with the V-slope method being the standard; however, this needs to be visually determined. Over the years, we have o...

    Authors: Hirotaka Nishijima, Kazuo Kondo, Kazuya Yonezawa, Hiroki Hashimoto and Masayuki Sakurai

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:9

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Increasing physical activity (PA) and decreasing sedentary time (ST) have important health effects among breast cancer patients, a growing population group. PA and sedentary behaviors are complex multi-dimensi...

    Authors: Anne-Sophie Mazzoni, Karin Nordin, Sveinung Berntsen, Ingrid Demmelmaier and Helena Igelström

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:8

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The International Physical Activity Questionnaire short-form (IPAQ-SF) is frequently used to assess physical activity (PA) level in the general adult population including pregnant women. However, the reliabili...

    Authors: Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Lene Annette Hagen Haakstad, Sveinung Berntsen, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler and Monica Klungland Torstveit

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:7

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  41. Content type: Meeting abstracts

    Authors: Idoia Muñoz, Jokin Garatea, Jokin Garatea, Idoia Muñoz, Silvia Ala, Francisco Cardoso, Hugo Paredes, Margrit Gelautz, Florian Seitner, Christian Kapeller, Nicole Brosch, Zuzana Frydrychova, Iva Buresova, Katerina Bartosova, Sara Huteckova, Sara Huteckova…

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9(Suppl 1):5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  42. Content type: Research article

    A variety of recovery strategies are used by athletes, although there is currently no research that investigates perceptions and usage of recovery by different competition levels of team sport athletes.

    Authors: Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards and Shona Halson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:6

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is common in athletes. LBP can be detrimental to athletic performance and health. Factors predisposing to LBP in athletes remain elusive and require further studies. We investigated whether...

    Authors: Sabina Cauci, Francesca Migliozzi, Carlo Simone Trombetta, Ilaria Venuto, Paola Saccheri, Luciana Travan and Giovanni Chiriacò

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:4

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have demonstrated that body habitus is associated with survival (life expectancy) time. We sought to determine if survival differed between elite athletes with a range of body types. We hypothe...

    Authors: Jeffrey Lee-Heidenreich, David Lee-Heidenreich and Jonathan Myers

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:3

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases ...

    Authors: Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T. Smith, Greig Watson and Andrew D. Williams

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:1

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Physical inactivity is a common risk factor for several non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Increasing physical activity could reduce the burden of disease due to major NCDs and increase life expectancy. Undergr...

    Authors: Chathuranga Ranasinghe, Chathurani Sigera, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Ranil Jayawardena, Ayodya C. R. Ranasinghe, Andrew P. Hills and Neil King

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:39

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the incidence rate of back pain (BP) in adolescents has been reported at 21%. However, the development of BP in adolescent athletes is unclear. Hence, the purpose of this study was to examine the inc...

    Authors: Steffen Mueller, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Olaf Prieske, Michael Cassel and Frank Mayer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:38

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